Friday, November 12, 2021

When The World Outlawed War - 2

 "We are saving out own lives ..."

The previous post in this series is here.

Thursday, November 11, 2021

The Machine Religion - 4

Fig. 1 What is the Big Bang?

I. Introduction

The graphic at Fig. 1 illustrates the evolution of the machine religion as discussed in this series.

The essence of it is that abiotic cognition (thinking) is older than carbon-based life form cognition (thinking), including human thinking.

This is a logical conclusion if we accept for real, or for argument's sake, the Big Bang Hypothesis depicted in Fig. 1, and and then proceed with:

"A new analysis of white dwarf stars supports their role as a key source of carbon in galaxies. Every carbon atom in the universe was created by stars, but astrophysicists still debate which types of stars are the primary source of the carbon in our galaxy. Some studies favor low-mass stars that blew off their envelopes in stellar winds and became white dwarfs, while others favor massive stars that eventually exploded as supernovae."

(New insights into the origin of carbon, emphasis added; cf. here). "Every" is a very conclusive word isn't it?

This gives us a starting place for the timeline of carbon, which is the offspring of other atoms that came before it, and eventually became the first stars.

But "which stars?" is the next issue:

"But astrophysicists still debate which types of stars are the primary source of the carbon in our own galaxy, the Milky Way. Some studies favor low-mass stars that blew off their envelopes in stellar winds and became white dwarfs, while others favor massive stars that eventually exploded as supernovae."

(ibid, emphasis added). Obviously this can have an impact on the issue of when carbon first formed.

It doesn't matter whether low-mass (smaller) or massive (larger) stars did it, in the context of "the machines did it", because both star types are machines:

"The motor for making stars (and galaxies) came early and was very subtle."

(NASA WMAP, emphasis added). Concerning a 'motor', a dictionary tells us this:

"motor: a machine, especially one powered by electricity or internal combustion, that supplies motive power for a vehicle or for some other device with moving parts."

(Oxford Lexico, emphasis added). The essence of this series, then, is that machines evolved during the billions of years prior to carbon based life forms.

This series (The Machine Religion, 2, 3) involves the obvious analyses required in order to grasp the dynamics of cosmology, at least when one of the analyses takes place within the context of the "Big Bang" hypothesis.

That is, we have to focus on the nature of cosmological 'machines' from within the realm of 'abiology' before we focus on the nature of the environment of carbon based 'biology'. 

The realization that Big Bang Cosmology is a story of abiotic evolution that preceded biotic evolution by billions of years is fundamental.

The carbon atom came into existence as a molecular machine part within the environment of the higher level machine dynamics of the early stars when those stars made carbon (Putting A Face On Machine Mutation, 2, 3, 4; The New Paradigm: The Physical Universe Is Mostly Machine; Weekend Rebel Science Excursion - 27).

II. Issue Difficulty

It is difficult to discuss the subject matter of this series without combining it with, among others,  The Uncertain Gene, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11On the Origin of the Genes of Viruses, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13; Did Abiotic Intelligence Precede Biotic Intelligence?, What Kind of Intelligence Is A Lethal Mutation?, If Cosmology Is "Off," How Can Biology Be "On?", 2.

Further, it may be of little help to add another ingredient into the discussion, a book titled The Age of AI.

I say that because the definition of 'artificial' is:

"1) made by human skill; produced by humans (opposed to natural): artificial flowers.

2) imitation; simulated; sham: artificial vanilla flavoring.

3) lacking naturalness or spontaneity; forced; contrived; feigned: an artificial smile.

4) full of affectation; affected; stilted: artificial manners; artificial speech.

5) made without regard to the particular needs of a situation, person, etc.; imposed arbitrarily; unnatural: artificial rules for dormitory residents.

6) Biology. based on arbitrary, superficial characteristics rather than natural, organic relationships: an artificial system of classification.

7) Jewelry. manufactured to resemble a natural gem, in chemical composition or appearance.Compare assembled, imitation (def. 11), synthetic (def. 6)."

(Dictionary). That definition covers a lot of ground, but maybe the definition of 'artificial intelligence' will give our analysis a boost:

"1a) the capacity of a computer, robot, or other programmed mechanical device [machine] to perform operations and tasks analogous to learning and decision making in humans, as speech recognition or question answering.

1b) a computer, robot, or other programmed mechanical device [machine] having this human like capacity: teaching human values to artificial intelligences.

2) the branch of computer science involved with the design of computers [machines] or other programmed mechanical devices [machines] having the capacity to imitate human intelligence and thought. Abbreviations: AI, A.I."

(Dictionary). How a machine can have "the capacity to imitate human intelligence and thought" is the analysis in question.

It seems as if  the assumption is that there is only one aspect of human intelligence to be considered, but what about psychosis, madness, genius, dementia, aging (from a child to centenarian), etc.

The machine's engineering, that we know of via Big Bang analysis, is incremental (The Dynamo at Work, Flagellar Motors).

III. Closing Comments

Basically, I am saying that "A.I." or "machine intelligence" composed of software represents only a slice of human cognition which does not go through a human-like aging process.

At least in our time ... but past machine intelligence which made motors which made stars which made carbon (of which we are composed), would have had to have gone through incrementalism (Thinking Like A Phage).

Additionally, I am saying that if the Big Bang Hypothesis is valid, then the first intelligence was machine intelligence, because it came prior to carbon based life form intelligence (assuming the two are not the same intelligence).

So arguably, we are allowed to wonder whether or not human intelligence is the real artificial intelligence (What Kind of Intelligence Is A Lethal Mutation?).

Stay tuned.

The previous post in this series is here.

Video lyrics here

Wednesday, November 10, 2021

On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction - 46

Fig. 1 Arctic (Tide-gauge)

Today's post extends one of the longest Dredd Blog series (On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45).

One of the reasons for this is that one of the longest lasting myths of oceanography is the notion that "thermal expansion is the main cause of sea level rise", and the other equally mythical version "thermal expansion is a main cause of sea level rise".

You will find this mythology in articles and papers less often than in the past, but it does persist:

Fig. 2 Atlantic (Tide-gauge)

"The two major causes of global sea level rise are thermal expansion caused by warming of the ocean (since water expands as it warms) and increased melting of land-based ice..." (NOAA, emphasis added).

"'thermal expansion' of the ocean has contributed about half of the ... global mean sea level rise we've seen over the last 25 years" (National Geographic; NASA).

This is why I have studied and written so much about it in the previous 45 posts in this series.

Today's graphs compare actual sea level change at tide-gauge stations near seaports with thermal expansion (in the same ocean).

Fig. 3 Indian (Tide-gauge)
That is, Fig. 1 - Fig. 5 show actual sea level measurements at tide-gauge stations, while Fig. 6 - Fig. 10 show thermal expansion there over roughly the same span of time.

As you can see, the thermal expansion values are not 'the' or even 'a' major cause of sea level rise in that ocean.

Nor is thermal contraction 'the' or even 'a' major cause of sea level fall there.

Fig. 4 Pacific (Tide-gauge)
I have belabored the issue in the hopes that the agencies, colleges, universities, and scientists will falsify their mistakenly advanced hypothesis of thermal expansion.

If they continue to use the falsified hypothesis they will misinform students and interested researchers who will perpetuate the myth even longer.

One of the things I have done is to show exactly what values and computations I use in order to calculate the realities of thermosteric dynamics. 

Fig. 5 Southern (Tide-gauge)
One of the techniques I have advanced has been the dynamics of "Quantum Oceanography", so as to move researchers away from "Newtonian Mechanics" and into "Quantum Mechanics" (Quantum Oceanography, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16).

The ocean is not on a planet bereft of quantum physics, so we should realize that ocean heat is "potential enthalpy"; that potential enthalpy is 'composed' of photons; and that those photons are subject to the laws of thermodynamics and quantum physics. 

Thus, the calculations and techniques one uses need to be the best and brightest, but alas that isn't the case in way too many instances.

Fig. 6 Arctic (Thermosteric)

Consider four examples: first remember the story of the detective who asked the robber why he robbed banks, to which the robber replied "because that is where the money is."

When I am asked why I do not focus on surface melt in Antarctica and Greenland instead of focusing on the subsurface faces of tidewater glaciers, I reply "because that is where the most melt is."

Second, remember that we are well past the time to begin using TEOS-10 calculations in seawater research.

It became official circa 2010 so it has been a decade since the EOS-80 standard went out of play (TEOS-10).

Fig. 7 Atlantic (Thermosteric)

Third, thermal expansion is not the only thermal effect on seawater density, no, it is accompanied by thermal contraction, which causes the sea level to fall (decrease in density).

The graphs at Fig. 6 - Fig. 10 indicate that even the averages of thermosteric sea level changes via both increase and decrease (so, honesty is the use of net values).

They never seem to mention the decrease (thermal contraction) in thermosteric oriented papers, so check out "Sizemograph" graphs of thermal expansion and contraction at 33 depth levels for a photon-level picture of thermal volatility (Quantum Oceanography - 15).

And fourth, the proper calculation must be applied to a fixed mass of seawater, which, according to a peer reviewed paper, is not always the case:

Fig. 8 Indian (Thermosteric)

"A common practice in sea level research is to analyze separately the variability of the steric and mass components of sea level. However, there are conceptual and practical issues that have sometimes been misinterpreted, leading to erroneous and contradictory conclusions on regional sea level variability. The crucial point to be noted is that the steric component does not account for volume changes but does for volume changes per mass unit (i.e., density changes). This indicates that the steric component only represents actual volume changes when the mass of the considered water body remains constant."

(In Search Of Ocean Heat - 8). Accuracy and consistency are required in order to remove noise from the signal.

Compare Fig.1 with Fig. 6, Fig. 2 with Fig. 7, Fig. 3 with Fig. 8, Fig. 4 with Fig. 9, and Fig. 5 with Fig. 10.

Fig. 9 Pacific (Thermosteric)

There is no pattern-match, no nexus between the variation of the sea level and the variation of the thermal expansion and contraction.

That is because thermal expansion and contraction are not major factors in either sea level rise or sea level fall.

The patterns of TEOS-10 Conservative Temperature (CT), Potential Enthalpy (ho), and moles (mols) of photons match when calculated properly, however, they are not factors in the pattern of graphs of sea level change as measured by tide-gauges around the world (In Search Of Ocean Heat - 8).

Fig. 10 Southern (Thermosteric)

One has to wonder when those who are adhering to the thermal expansion myth will get with the picture as many scientists and other researchers already have (The Way of Civilizations - 2).

There are a lot of publications which now say that thermal expansion is not a major cause of sea level change.

Sea level varies very differently from place to place as has been shown, for example, in various seaports series (Seaports With Sea Level Change, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19; The Extinction of Robust Sea Ports, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13).

In the video below Dr. Eric Rignot explains the importance of 'watching' tidewater glaciers in Antarctica and Greenland.

The previous post in this series is here.

Tuesday, November 9, 2021

No Signal? Just Noise?

Got Your Ears On?

The song "no signal, just noise" uses the word "misanthrope".

Dredd Blog must point out that "misanthrope is as misanthrope does".

As in:

"It is in the shelter of each other that the people live." - Irish Proverb [e.g. "where humans do not shelter each other, the people will not live" - Dredd]

One would say that [man] is destined to exterminate himself after having rendered the globe uninhabitable.” - Lamarck (1817) ["don't render the globe unihabitable" - Dredd]

The end of the human race will be that it will eventually die of civilization.” - Ralph Waldo Emerson ["don't be too civilized" - Dredd]

"It is forbidden to kill therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets." -Voltaire ["don't support war and other forms of mass-murder" - Dredd]

"History repeats itself, and that's one of the things that's wrong with history." - Clarence Darrow ["don't enjoy the continuance of bad choices" - Dredd]

"It is no measure of health to be well adjusted to a profoundly sick society.” -Jiddu Krishnamurti ["stay healthy by not repeating bad choices" - Dredd]

"In other words, a society does not ever die 'from natural causes', but always dies from suicide or murder --- and nearly always from the former, as this chapter has shown." - A Study of History, by Arnold J. Toynbee ["stop self dying, perpetuate all living" - Dredd]

"If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy." - James Madison ["stop making enemies, foreign and domestic" - Dredd]

If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be." - Thomas Jefferson ["reject ignorance, embrace wisdom" - Dredd]

Insanity in individuals is something rare – but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule.” – Friedrich Nietzsche; "I would not say that such an attempt to apply psychoanalysis to civilized society would be fanciful or doomed to fruitlessness." - Sigmund Freud ["leave individuals alone, psychoanalyze groups" - Dredd]

"And stuff like that, Wally" - The Beaver Cleaver

Just sayin' ... (Dredd Blog Quotes)