Monday, October 15, 2018

New Slang - 4

Fig. 1 World Ocean Layers
Fig. 2 World Ocean Depth Levels
Let me mention one thing before I get to the graphs concerning Layers 2, 7, and 14 in today's post.

I want to illustrate the need for us all to become aware of ocean dynamics and what it means for our lives, and for the lives of our friends and families.

Many lives are at stake but the republican government denies it.
Fig. 3a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 3b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 3c Absolute Salinity
Fig. 3d Thermosteric SLC

Fig. 4a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 4b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 4c Absolute Salinity
Fig. 4d Thermosteric SLC
I want to mention that one thing with a long quote from The Hill:
"A team of the world's leading climate scientists just released a groundbreaking report on what it will take to stop global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). his report must be taken seriously and has significant implications for the future of American politics.

As expected, our worst fears were confirmed. To have a chance of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2040, it will require a level of political action that is harrowing and unprecedented in human history.

Even if we hit this ambitious and near impossible target, the world is already seeing devastating floods, fires, famines, and storms.

Bottom line: The report shows that fossil fuels are a threat to civilization and to address this crisis, we need governments to lead a massive overhaul of the global economy to get off coal, oil and gas. A transition that the report authors themselves say “has no documented historic precedents.”

The report is very clear: The difference between a 1.5 degree Celsius world and a 2 degree Celsius world are extreme. Fewer deaths from heat waves, fewer cities and island nations will be sucked under water, and the coral reefs might have a chance at survival. This difference is not technical or economic. It’s political.

When basic decency and respect for human life are in short supply from the federal government, it’s hard to imagine our current administration suddenly taking this report seriously.
"
(The overhaul needed to get the global economy off coal, oil and gas). The long and the short of that quote is staggering.

It is virtually impossible to get the republican politicians in government to acknowledge that global warming induced climate change even exists.

Fig. 5a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 5b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 5c Absolute Salinity
Fig. 5d Thermosteric SLC
So, I try to become seriously aware of the nature and conditions of the oceans historically, currently, and in coming years.

That is because the impacts of oceans on the tidewater glaciers of the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica are existential threats.

I freely pass my research results along to readers so they may do as they wish with that knowledge.

My main focus, right or wrong, is to point out that thermal expansion is not a major player in sea level change.

It is only a minor player, so it has been a major detraction from reality in terms of any and all potential remedies.

Anyway, today's graph groups (Fig. 3a-d, Fig. 4a-d, and Fig. 5a-d are in the same configuration as they were in the previous post of this series.

One main thing to notice is how the layers vary.

That in itself is contrary to the false notions that come with the bathtub model (The Bathtub Model Doesn't Hold Water, 2, 3, 4, 5).

The oceans have as much variety as the continents do.

So, it is incumbent upon us to realize that to avoid "one size fits all" mentality.

For example, a remedy for the Gulf Coast of Alaska is not viable for the coast of Southern California.

That is because in one place sea level is rising rapidly but in the other it is falling (e.g. Proof of Concept - 3).

Things can be different from one zone to another, from one layer to another, and from one depth to another.

I have included the WOD layers graphic (Fig. 1), the depth level values (Fig. 2), as well as the list of tide gauge station descriptions as I did in the previous post (listed below).

The previous post in this series is here.

Layer 2
PSMSL Station Name: BERGEN
PSMSL Station Number: 58.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: HEIMSJO
PSMSL Station Number: 313.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: KJOLSDAL
PSMSL Station Number: 398.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: MALOY
PSMSL Station Number: 486.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: ALESUND
PSMSL Station Number: 509.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: KRISTIANSUND
PSMSL Station Number: 682.php
WOD Zone: 1600

PSMSL Station Name: TRONDHEIM
PSMSL Station Number: 34.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: KABELVAG
PSMSL Station Number: 45.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: KOBBAKLINTAR
PSMSL Station Number: 63.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: BJORN
PSMSL Station Number: 90.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: HELIGMAN
PSMSL Station Number: 231.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: NARVIK
PSMSL Station Number: 312.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: ANDENES
PSMSL Station Number: 425.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: EVENSKJAER
PSMSL Station Number: 531.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: BODO
PSMSL Station Number: 562.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: TROMSO
PSMSL Station Number: 680.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: HARSTAD
PSMSL Station Number: 681.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: MOSJOEN
PSMSL Station Number: 781.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: BRONNOYSUND
PSMSL Station Number: 803.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: SANDNESSJOEN
PSMSL Station Number: 1137.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: SPIKARNA
PSMSL Station Number: 1211.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: RORVIK
PSMSL Station Number: 1241.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: TRONDHEIM 2
PSMSL Station Number: 1748.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: SKAGSUDDE
PSMSL Station Number: 2102.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: FORSMARK
PSMSL Station Number: 2103.php
WOD Zone: 1601

PSMSL Station Name: AMBARCHIK
PSMSL Station Number: 604.php
WOD Zone: 1616

PSMSL Station Name: AION
PSMSL Station Number: 730.php
WOD Zone: 1616

PSMSL Station Name: PEVEK
PSMSL Station Number: 606.php
WOD Zone: 1617

PSMSL Station Name: BILLINGA
PSMSL Station Number: 708.php
WOD Zone: 1617

PSMSL Station Name: LINAKHAMARI
PSMSL Station Number: 365.php
WOD Zone: 1603

PSMSL Station Name: MURMANSK
PSMSL Station Number: 684.php
WOD Zone: 1603

PSMSL Station Name: MURMANSK II
PSMSL Station Number: 687.php
WOD Zone: 1603

PSMSL Station Name: AMDERMA
PSMSL Station Number: 599.php
WOD Zone: 1606

PSMSL Station Name: UGORSKII SHAR (UGORSKII SHAR PROLIV)
PSMSL Station Number: 622.php
WOD Zone: 1606

PSMSL Station Name: ANTIPAIUTA
PSMSL Station Number: 1128.php
WOD Zone: 1607

PSMSL Station Name: LERWICK
PSMSL Station Number: 830.php
WOD Zone: 7600

PSMSL Station Name: TORSHAVN
PSMSL Station Number: 839.php
WOD Zone: 7600

PSMSL Station Name: REYKJAVIK
PSMSL Station Number: 638.php
WOD Zone: 7602

PSMSL Station Name: GRINDAVIK
PSMSL Station Number: 877.php
WOD Zone: 7602

PSMSL Station Name: QIKIQTARJUAQ
PSMSL Station Number: 1935.php
WOD Zone: 7606

PSMSL Station Name: CAMBRIDGE BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 1132.php
WOD Zone: 7610

PSMSL Station Name: TUKTOYAKTUK
PSMSL Station Number: 1000.php
WOD Zone: 7613

PSMSL Station Name: SEWARD
PSMSL Station Number: 266.php
WOD Zone: 7614

PSMSL Station Name: CORDOVA
PSMSL Station Number: 566.php
WOD Zone: 7614

PSMSL Station Name: ANCHORAGE
PSMSL Station Number: 1067.php
WOD Zone: 7614

PSMSL Station Name: VALDEZ
PSMSL Station Number: 1353.php
WOD Zone: 7614

PSMSL Station Name: RATMANOVA
PSMSL Station Number: 617.php
WOD Zone: 7616

PSMSL Station Name: NETTEN
PSMSL Station Number: 613.php
WOD Zone: 7617

PSMSL Station Name: MYS SHMIDTA
PSMSL Station Number: 616.php
WOD Zone: 7617

PSMSL Station Name: KOLUCHIN
PSMSL Station Number: 621.php
WOD Zone: 7617

PSMSL Station Name: PROVIDENIA
PSMSL Station Number: 662.php
WOD Zone: 7617

PSMSL Station Name: HELSINKI
PSMSL Station Number: 14.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: SODERSKAR
PSMSL Station Number: 29.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: VYBORG
PSMSL Station Number: 83.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: LEMSTROM
PSMSL Station Number: 84.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: REPOSAARI
PSMSL Station Number: 85.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: YKSPIHLAJA
PSMSL Station Number: 86.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: SKURU
PSMSL Station Number: 142.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: KOTKA
PSMSL Station Number: 164.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: SAPPI
PSMSL Station Number: 226.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: SUR SARI
PSMSL Station Number: 227.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: SALGRUND
PSMSL Station Number: 228.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: LOHM
PSMSL Station Number: 233.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: PRIMORSK
PSMSL Station Number: 237.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: TURKU / ABO
PSMSL Station Number: 239.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: FOGLO / DEGERBY
PSMSL Station Number: 249.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: HAMINA
PSMSL Station Number: 315.php
WOD Zone: 1602

PSMSL Station Name: KALIX
PSMSL Station Number: 2101.php
WOD Zone: 1602



Layer 7
PSMSL Station Name: KO SICHANG
PSMSL Station Number: 449.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: HONNGU
PSMSL Station Number: 1003.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: DONGFANG
PSMSL Station Number: 1407.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: QUINHON
PSMSL Station Number: 1449.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: DANANG
PSMSL Station Number: 1475.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: VUNGTAU
PSMSL Station Number: 1495.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: QUI NHON II
PSMSL Station Number: 2267.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: VUNG TAU II
PSMSL Station Number: 2268.php
WOD Zone: 1110

PSMSL Station Name: XI SHA
PSMSL Station Number: 1745.php
WOD Zone: 1111

PSMSL Station Name: CEBU
PSMSL Station Number: 394.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: LEGASPI
PSMSL Station Number: 522.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: SAN FERNANDO
PSMSL Station Number: 548.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: TACLOBAN
PSMSL Station Number: 664.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: PORT IRENE
PSMSL Station Number: 1705.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: SAN JOSE
PSMSL Station Number: 1711.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: REAL QUEZON
PSMSL Station Number: 2035.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: VIRAC
PSMSL Station Number: 2150.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: PULUPANDAN
PSMSL Station Number: 2151.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: BALANACAN
PSMSL Station Number: 2157.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: CURRIMAO ILOCOS NORTE
PSMSL Station Number: 2173.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: SUBIC ZAMBALES
PSMSL Station Number: 2176.php
WOD Zone: 1112

PSMSL Station Name: APRA HARBOUR
PSMSL Station Number: 540.php
WOD Zone: 1114

PSMSL Station Name: SAIPAN
PSMSL Station Number: 1474.php
WOD Zone: 1114

PSMSL Station Name: PAGO BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 2130.php
WOD Zone: 1114

PSMSL Station Name: WAKE ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 595.php
WOD Zone: 1116

PSMSL Station Name: ENEWETOK
PSMSL Station Number: 665.php
WOD Zone: 1116

PSMSL Station Name: DAKAR
PSMSL Station Number: 476.php
WOD Zone: 7101

PSMSL Station Name: DAKAR 2
PSMSL Station Number: 1816.php
WOD Zone: 7101

PSMSL Station Name: PORTO GRANDE (ST. VINCENT) 2
PSMSL Station Number: 1769.php
WOD Zone: 7102

PSMSL Station Name: PALMEIRA
PSMSL Station Number: 1914.php
WOD Zone: 7102

PSMSL Station Name: PORT OF SPAIN
PSMSL Station Number: 415.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: MAGUEYES ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 759.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO DE HIERRO
PSMSL Station Number: 782.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: SAN JUAN
PSMSL Station Number: 1001.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: GUIRIA
PSMSL Station Number: 1053.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: CHARLOTTE AMALIE
PSMSL Station Number: 1393.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: LIME TREE BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 1447.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: POINTE-A-PITRE
PSMSL Station Number: 1784.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: FORT-DE-FRANCE II
PSMSL Station Number: 1942.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: CHRISTIANSTED HARBOUR
PSMSL Station Number: 2118.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: LAMESHUR BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 2119.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: CULEBRA
PSMSL Station Number: 2120.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: AGUADILLA
PSMSL Station Number: 2121.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: MONA ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 2122.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: PRICKLEY BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 2272.php
WOD Zone: 7106

PSMSL Station Name: GUANTANAMO BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 418.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: CARTAGENA
PSMSL Station Number: 572.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO PLATA
PSMSL Station Number: 577.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: PORT AU PRINCE
PSMSL Station Number: 583.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: RIOHACHA
PSMSL Station Number: 714.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: PORT ROYAL
PSMSL Station Number: 744.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: BARAHONA
PSMSL Station Number: 745.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: CABO CRUZ
PSMSL Station Number: 1910.php
WOD Zone: 7107

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO LIMON
PSMSL Station Number: 552.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO CORTES
PSMSL Station Number: 557.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: LA UNION
PSMSL Station Number: 558.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO CASTILLA
PSMSL Station Number: 779.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: SANTO TOMAS DE CASTILLA
PSMSL Station Number: 1080.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: ACAJUTLA 2
PSMSL Station Number: 1302.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: NORTH SOUND
PSMSL Station Number: 1422.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: SOUTH SOUND
PSMSL Station Number: 1426.php
WOD Zone: 7108

PSMSL Station Name: ACAPULCO
PSMSL Station Number: 686.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: SALINA CRUZ
PSMSL Station Number: 689.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: COATZACOALCOS
PSMSL Station Number: 692.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: ALVARADO
PSMSL Station Number: 768.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: SAN JOSE II
PSMSL Station Number: 777.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: CIUDAD DEL CARMEN
PSMSL Station Number: 796.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: SAN JOSE
PSMSL Station Number: 973.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO ANGEL
PSMSL Station Number: 1015.php
WOD Zone: 7109

PSMSL Station Name: MANZANILLO
PSMSL Station Number: 737.php
WOD Zone: 7110

PSMSL Station Name: MANZANILLO 2
PSMSL Station Number: 1818.php
WOD Zone: 7110

PSMSL Station Name: HILO
PSMSL Station Number: 300.php
WOD Zone: 7115

PSMSL Station Name: JOHNSTON ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 598.php
WOD Zone: 7116

PSMSL Station Name: PORT SUDAN
PSMSL Station Number: 1690.php
WOD Zone: 1103

PSMSL Station Name: ADEN
PSMSL Station Number: 44.php
WOD Zone: 1104

PSMSL Station Name: SALALAH
PSMSL Station Number: 1754.php
WOD Zone: 1105

PSMSL Station Name: MUMBAI / BOMBAY (APOLLO BANDAR)
PSMSL Station Number: 43.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: BOMBAY (PRINCES DOCK)
PSMSL Station Number: 212.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: MANGALORE
PSMSL Station Number: 696.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: MARMAGAO
PSMSL Station Number: 1249.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: KARWAR
PSMSL Station Number: 1273.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: NAGAPPATTINAM
PSMSL Station Number: 1308.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: MANGALORE (PANAMBURU)
PSMSL Station Number: 1423.php
WOD Zone: 1107

PSMSL Station Name: CHENNAI / MADRAS
PSMSL Station Number: 205.php
WOD Zone: 1108

PSMSL Station Name: VISHAKHAPATNAM
PSMSL Station Number: 414.php
WOD Zone: 1108

PSMSL Station Name: KO LAK
PSMSL Station Number: 174.php
WOD Zone: 1109

PSMSL Station Name: PORT BLAIR
PSMSL Station Number: 206.php
WOD Zone: 1109

PSMSL Station Name: RANGOON
PSMSL Station Number: 210.php
WOD Zone: 1109

PSMSL Station Name: AMHERST
PSMSL Station Number: 746.php
WOD Zone: 1109

PSMSL Station Name: MOULMEIN
PSMSL Station Number: 747.php
WOD Zone: 1109

PSMSL Station Name: KO MATTAPHON
PSMSL Station Number: 1792.php
WOD Zone: 1109



Layer 14
PSMSL Station Name: USHUAIA I
PSMSL Station Number: 874.php
WOD Zone: 5506

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO WILLIAMS
PSMSL Station Number: 1122.php
WOD Zone: 5506

PSMSL Station Name: USHUAIA II
PSMSL Station Number: 1271.php
WOD Zone: 5506

PSMSL Station Name: DIEGO RAMIREZ
PSMSL Station Number: 1785.php
WOD Zone: 5506

PSMSL Station Name: PUNTA ARENAS
PSMSL Station Number: 473.php
WOD Zone: 5507

PSMSL Station Name: CALETA PERCY
PSMSL Station Number: 994.php
WOD Zone: 5507

PSMSL Station Name: PUNTA ARENAS II
PSMSL Station Number: 2263.php
WOD Zone: 5507

How To Identify The Despotic Minority - 5

Alt Demockcrazy
One can identify a despotic body ("a despotic minority") by the psychological "DNA"  of the despotic head of that despotic body.

What revels in ignorance, is red all over, lies about all of it all of the time, and has a minority of millions of despots as apprentices?

Answer: The Don (The Shapeshifters of Bullshitistan - 2);

A wanna-be despot who fell in love with a real despot:
I was really being tough, and so was he,” Mr. Trump said of Mr. Kim. “And we were going back and forth, and then we fell in love, OK? No, really. He wrote me beautiful letters. And they’re great letters. We fell in love.
(Wall Street Jungle). On another lust-for-power-money valentine front, Jarred Cashner fell in love with with Mohammed "I have Jarred in my pocket" bin Salman (a.k.a. "MBS ...Money, Big money, Some more money):
"In March, Saudi Arabia was on the brink of a new age of modernity. At the epicenter of the transformation were Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Jared Kushner, President Donald Trump’s son-in-law and top adviser.

But allegations this week that bin Salman — or MBS, as he is known — ordered the brazen murder of a dissident Saudi journalist in Istanbul, Turkey, have roiled the prince’s reputation as a modernizer.

So where does that leave Kushner, who cultivated a close friendship with MBS in part to advance Kushner’s efforts to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks? Does Kushner counsel the president to distance the United States from Saudi Arabia? Or does he wait out the storm and return to the bromance when things are quieter?"
(JTA, Jarred + Mohammed Bromance, emphasis added). Jarred is one of millions of apprentices of the wannabe despot: The "Biggly Red" Don.

So is the red republican mob in congress, the red republican mob in state legislatures that practice gerrymandering, and sixty-two some odd million red voting apprentices.

It does not end any better than it began (How To Identify The Despotic Minority, 2, 3, 4).

The previous post in this series is here.



Sunday, October 14, 2018

New Slang - 3

Fig. 1 World Ocean Database (WOD) Layers
Today, we continue with the WOD Layers inquiry (Fig. 1) as we focus specifically on Layers 1, 9, and 15.

The "new slang" we now use at Dredd Blog is shown in Fig. 2.

We previously focused on the mean average of all layers (New Slang), then moved on to Layer 0, 8, and 16 (New Slang - 2).

Just in case you are interested, Layer 15 contains an ocean current which is composed of more flowing water than all of the land-based rivers on Earth combined (Mysterious Zones of Antarctica, 2, 3, 4).

Fig. 2
I mention that because the oceans on this planet have many fascinations and mysteries, which I like to study scientifically.

That is one reason I use the WOD data and TEOS-10 library:
"TEOS-10 can be used to calculate all of the thermodynamic properties of water, ice, seawater, and sea air"
(Millero, F.J. 2010, emphasis added; c.f.  TEOS-10, before & beyond). Well, that word "all" covers it doesn't it?

Fig. 3a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 3b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 3c Absolute Salinity
Fig. 3d Thermosteric SLC
I began this series after I decided to use official oceanographic "slang" for various depth levels of the oceans.

Each WOD Layer has one or more of these depth categories, which are referred to on today's graphs if the WOD contains records of them.

Fig. 4a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 4b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 4c Absolute Salinity
Let's go through the general details of the three graph groups (Fig. 3a-d covers Layer 0, Fig. 4a-d covers
Layer 9, and Fig. 5a-d covers Layer 15).
Fig. 4d Thermosteric SLC

The characteristics of each layer that is covered consists of: a) tide gauge records in that layer; b) Conservative Temperarture (CT) of the seawater; c) Absolute Salinity (SA) of the seawater; and d) thermal expansion & contraction flux in that layer.
Fig. 5a Tide Gauge SLC
Fig. 5b Conservative Temperature
Fig. 5c Absolute Salinity
Fig. 5d Thermosteric SLC

Fig. 6 Atmospheric Temperature
In the previous post we looked at the northernmost and southernmost layers (the polar regions).

Today we move one more layer away from the poles, and thereby arel more likely to encounter more populated areas.

You can get a general feel of the coastal population size of a layer by the number of tide gauge stations (see the list of tide gauge stations in each layer presented today following the graphs at the end of the post).

Internet links to the PSMSL tide gauge record details (a number followed by a ".php" underlined) are provided for your perusal and verification.

The WOD Zone is also shown so that you can quickly check out where the tide gauge stations are located.

Note that the NW Quadrant zones begin with "7", the NE Quadrant zones begin with "1", the SW Quadrant zones begin with "5", and the SE Quadrant zones begin with a "3" (The north / south divide is at the equator, the east / west divide is at the International Date line).

As with the graphs in the previous post, generally measurements in the layers closer to the poles have a more erratic pattern than those nearer to the equator have.

The tide gauge graphs (a) are the mean averages of all of the tide gauge stations in a particular layer.

The CT graphs (b) are calculated using in situ T measurements and the gsw_CT_from_t TEOS-10 library function.

The SA graphs (c) are calculated using in situ SP measurements and the gsw_SA_from_SP TEOS-10 library function.

The thermosteric SLC graphs (d) are a bit more involved.

That process is explained in more detail in a previous Dredd Blog post (Build Your Own Thermosteric Computational System).

The greatest "take home" from my studies using the WOD and PSMSL was the realization that the common belief that thermal expansion was or is "the major cause of sea level rise" ... or even "a major cause of sea level rise" was and is a myth.

There were many mistakes made that led to the myth.

One of the primary mistakes was the "bathtub model" ideology.

It induced mean average sea level discourse which "led us astray for a hundred years" (The Bathtub Model Doesn't Hold Water, 2, 3, 4, 5).

Another mistake was forgetting Sir Isaac Newton and thereby ignoring Woodward 1888.

I learned about Woodward 1888 from Professor Mitrovica (The World According To Measurements - 5).

After grasping that, I went on to elaborate on "the ghost water" that was missing from the minds of scientists who had been led astray by the bathtub model error.

That meant scientists were not calculating the amounts of seawater relocation from Greenland and Antarctica as a result of their incremental loss of gravitational power.

Very substantial amounts of seawater that they were not taking into consideration was causing sea level change they mistakenly thought was caused by thermal expansion (The Gravity of Sea Level Change, 2, 3, 4; The Ghost-Water Constant, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

Not long I learned and wrote about that, NASA finalized any debate about it in the discussion by discovering the ghost (NASA Busts The Ghost).

A funny sequel is that soon after it was "discovered", all of a sudden there was news that "Antarctica was melting three times faster than previously believed" was published.

Other events such as NASA OMG and Antarctica GHOST began to take place and are still underway.

Now the "thermal expansion is the major cause of sea level rise myth" is not mentioned as much, the gravity of sea level change is commonly mentioned,  and one of the Antarctic glaciers has been nicknamed "the doomsday glacier."

All along I criticized the misinformation by talking truth to the scientific management establishment and the press spreading the myth (The Warming Science Commentariat, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11).

I learned the reason the myth was perpetuated from a master, one James Hansen:
"I suspect the existence of what I call the `John Mercer effect'. Mercer (1978) suggested that global warming from burning of fossil fuels could lead to disastrous disintegration of the West Antarctic ice sheet, with a sea level rise of several meters worldwide. This was during the era when global warming was beginning to get attention from the United States Department of Energy and other science agencies. I noticed that scientists who disputed Mercer, suggesting that his paper was alarmist, were treated as being more authoritative.

It was not obvious who was right on the science, but it seemed to me, and I believe to most scientists, that the scientists preaching caution and downplaying the dangers of climate change fared better in receipt of research funding. Drawing attention to the dangers of global warming may or may not have helped increase funding for relevant scientific areas, but it surely did not help individuals like Mercer who stuck their heads out. I could vouch for that from my own experience. After I published a paper (Hansen et al 1981) that described likely climate effects of fossil fuel use, the Department of Energy reversed a decision to fund our research, specifically highlighting and criticizing aspects of that paper at a workshop in Coolfont, West Virginia and in publication (MacCracken 1983).

I believe there is a pressure on scientists to be conservative. Papers are accepted for publication more readily if they do not push too far and are larded with caveats. Caveats are essential to science, being born in skepticism, which is essential to the process of investigation and verification. But there is a question of degree. A tendency for `gradualism' as new evidence comes to light may be ill-suited for communication, when an issue with a short time fuse is concerned."
(The Ghost-Water Constant - 9). Yes, the oil industry (Humble Oil-Qaeda, 2) has been instrumental in swaying scientific managers in various corporations, and especially universities, to study things that did not shine a light on what was important and to encourage a "move along folks, nothing to see here" attitude.

But, the new slang is here to stay (On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38).

The previous post in this series is here.

PSMSL Stations in Layer 1, 9, and 15 (click on links to view data):

Layer 1
PSMSL Station Name: BARENTSBURG
PSMSL Station Number: 541.php
WOD Zone: 1701

PSMSL Station Name: BARENTSBURG II (SPITSBERGEN)
PSMSL Station Number: 547.php
WOD Zone: 1701

PSMSL Station Name: NY-ALESUND
PSMSL Station Number: 1421.php
WOD Zone: 1701

PSMSL Station Name: BERLEVAG
PSMSL Station Number: 442.php
WOD Zone: 1702

PSMSL Station Name: HAMMERFEST
PSMSL Station Number: 758.php
WOD Zone: 1702

PSMSL Station Name: VADSO
PSMSL Station Number: 1257.php
WOD Zone: 1702

PSMSL Station Name: HONNINGSVAG
PSMSL Station Number: 1267.php
WOD Zone: 1702

PSMSL Station Name: VARDO
PSMSL Station Number: 524.php
WOD Zone: 1703

PSMSL Station Name: MALYE KARMAKULY
PSMSL Station Number: 609.php
WOD Zone: 1705

PSMSL Station Name: BOLVANSKII NOS (FEDOROVA)
PSMSL Station Number: 651.php
WOD Zone: 1705

PSMSL Station Name: ZHELANIA II (ZHELANIA MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 647.php
WOD Zone: 1706

PSMSL Station Name: RUSSKAIA GAVAN II
PSMSL Station Number: 710.php
WOD Zone: 1706

PSMSL Station Name: RUSSKAYA GAVAN
PSMSL Station Number: 711.php
WOD Zone: 1706

PSMSL Station Name: MORZHOVAIA (HARASAVEI MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 732.php
WOD Zone: 1706

PSMSL Station Name: POPOVA (BELYI OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 653.php
WOD Zone: 1707

PSMSL Station Name: LESKINA (LESKINA MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 654.php
WOD Zone: 1707

PSMSL Station Name: VISE (VISE OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 704.php
WOD Zone: 1707

PSMSL Station Name: TADIBE-IAHA
PSMSL Station Number: 767.php
WOD Zone: 1707

PSMSL Station Name: SE-LAHA
PSMSL Station Number: 1200.php
WOD Zone: 1707

PSMSL Station Name: DIKSON
PSMSL Station Number: 611.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: STERLEGOVA (STERLEGOVA MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 612.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: UEDINENIA (UEDINENIA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 707.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: IZVESTIA TSIK (IZVESTIA TSIK OSTROVA)
PSMSL Station Number: 728.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: ISACHENKO (ISACHENKO OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 734.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: SOPOCHNAIA KARGA
PSMSL Station Number: 917.php
WOD Zone: 1708

PSMSL Station Name: PRAVDY (PRAVDY OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 615.php
WOD Zone: 1709

PSMSL Station Name: RUSSKII (RUSSKII OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 655.php
WOD Zone: 1709

PSMSL Station Name: GOLOMIANYI (GOLOMIANYI OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 729.php
WOD Zone: 1709

PSMSL Station Name: KRASNOFLOTSKIE (KRASNOFLOTSKIE OSTROVA)
PSMSL Station Number: 738.php
WOD Zone: 1709

PSMSL Station Name: FEDOROVA (CHELUSKIN MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 601.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: MALYI TAIMYR (MALYI TAIMYR OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 620.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: GEIBERGA (GEIBERGA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 648.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: SOLNECHNAIA (SOLNECHNAIA BUKHTA)
PSMSL Station Number: 656.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: KOSYSTYI (KOSYSTYI MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 736.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: PESCHANYI (PESCHANYI MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 1006.php
WOD Zone: 1710

PSMSL Station Name: UST OLENEK
PSMSL Station Number: 610.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: ANDREIA (ANDREIA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 646.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: PREOBRAZHENIA (PREOBRAZHENIA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 652.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: MARII PRONCHISHEVOI (BUKHTA)
PSMSL Station Number: 667.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: TERPIAI-TUMSA
PSMSL Station Number: 790.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: ANABAR
PSMSL Station Number: 1780.php
WOD Zone: 1711

PSMSL Station Name: TIKSI (TIKSI BUKHTA)
PSMSL Station Number: 569.php
WOD Zone: 1712

PSMSL Station Name: DUNAI (DUNAI OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 640.php
WOD Zone: 1712

PSMSL Station Name: MALYSHEVA (MALYSHEVA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 741.php
WOD Zone: 1712

PSMSL Station Name: SAGYLLAH-ARY
PSMSL Station Number: 1019.php
WOD Zone: 1712

PSMSL Station Name: BYKOV MYS (BYKOV MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 1399.php
WOD Zone: 1712

PSMSL Station Name: SANNIKOVA (SANNIKOVA PROLIV)
PSMSL Station Number: 602.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: KOTELNYI (KOTELNYI OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 641.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: KIGILIAH
PSMSL Station Number: 642.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: MUOSTAH ( MUOSTAH OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 649.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: BUORHAIA (BUORHAIA MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 735.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: NAIBA
PSMSL Station Number: 1497.php
WOD Zone: 1713

PSMSL Station Name: SHALAUROVA (SHALAUROVA MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 603.php
WOD Zone: 1714

PSMSL Station Name: SVIATOI NOS (SVIATOI NOS MYS)
PSMSL Station Number: 657.php
WOD Zone: 1714

PSMSL Station Name: ZEMLIA BUNGE
PSMSL Station Number: 658.php
WOD Zone: 1714

PSMSL Station Name: ZHOHOVA (ZHOHOVA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 937.php
WOD Zone: 1715

PSMSL Station Name: CHETYREHSTOLBOVOI
PSMSL Station Number: 650.php
WOD Zone: 1716

PSMSL Station Name: VALKARKAI
PSMSL Station Number: 792.php
WOD Zone: 1717

PSMSL Station Name: RESOLUTE
PSMSL Station Number: 863.php
WOD Zone: 7709

PSMSL Station Name: LITTLE CORNWALLIS ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 1822.php
WOD Zone: 7709

PSMSL Station Name: ULUKHAKTOK ( FORMALLY HOLMAN )
PSMSL Station Number: 1930.php
WOD Zone: 7711

PSMSL Station Name: CAPE PARRY
PSMSL Station Number: 1282.php
WOD Zone: 7712

PSMSL Station Name: PRUDHOE BAY
PSMSL Station Number: 1857.php
WOD Zone: 7714

PSMSL Station Name: VRANGELIA (VRANGELIA OSTROV)
PSMSL Station Number: 608.php
WOD Zone: 7717

Layer 9
PSMSL Station Name: POINTE NOIRE
PSMSL Station Number: 938.php
WOD Zone: 3001

PSMSL Station Name: ENGLISH BAY (ASCENSION ISLAND)
PSMSL Station Number: 1831.php
WOD Zone: 5001

PSMSL Station Name: RECIFE
PSMSL Station Number: 556.php
WOD Zone: 5003

PSMSL Station Name: FORTALEZA
PSMSL Station Number: 559.php
WOD Zone: 5003

PSMSL Station Name: BELEM
PSMSL Station Number: 580.php
WOD Zone: 5004

PSMSL Station Name: SALINOPOLIS
PSMSL Station Number: 589.php
WOD Zone: 5004

PSMSL Station Name: PRIGI
PSMSL Station Number: 2197.php
WOD Zone: 3011

PSMSL Station Name: BENOA B
PSMSL Station Number: 2200.php
WOD Zone: 3011

PSMSL Station Name: SAUMLAKI
PSMSL Station Number: 2274.php
WOD Zone: 3013

PSMSL Station Name: PORT MORESBY
PSMSL Station Number: 439.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: MADANG
PSMSL Station Number: 1254.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: LAE
PSMSL Station Number: 1303.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: WEWAK
PSMSL Station Number: 1304.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: MANUS ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 1609.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: PORT MORESBY II
PSMSL Station Number: 1610.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: LOMBRUM
PSMSL Station Number: 1860.php
WOD Zone: 3014

PSMSL Station Name: RABAUL
PSMSL Station Number: 1164.php
WOD Zone: 3015

PSMSL Station Name: HONIARA II
PSMSL Station Number: 1373.php
WOD Zone: 3015

PSMSL Station Name: KAVIENG
PSMSL Station Number: 1608.php
WOD Zone: 3015

PSMSL Station Name: HONIARA-B
PSMSL Station Number: 1861.php
WOD Zone: 3015

PSMSL Station Name: NAURU
PSMSL Station Number: 1374.php
WOD Zone: 3016

PSMSL Station Name: NAURU-B
PSMSL Station Number: 1844.php
WOD Zone: 3016

PSMSL Station Name: FUNAFUTI
PSMSL Station Number: 1452.php
WOD Zone: 3017

PSMSL Station Name: FUNAFUTI B
PSMSL Station Number: 1839.php
WOD Zone: 3017

PSMSL Station Name: CHIMBOTE
PSMSL Station Number: 771.php
WOD Zone: 5007

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO BOLIVAR
PSMSL Station Number: 1277.php
WOD Zone: 5007

PSMSL Station Name: TALARA
PSMSL Station Number: 475.php
WOD Zone: 5008

PSMSL Station Name: LA LIBERTAD II
PSMSL Station Number: 544.php
WOD Zone: 5008

PSMSL Station Name: LA LIBERTAD
PSMSL Station Number: 555.php
WOD Zone: 5008

PSMSL Station Name: SAN CRISTOBAL
PSMSL Station Number: 927.php
WOD Zone: 5008

PSMSL Station Name: BALTRA-B
PSMSL Station Number: 1645.php
WOD Zone: 5009

PSMSL Station Name: NUKU HIVA
PSMSL Station Number: 1555.php
WOD Zone: 5014

PSMSL Station Name: PENRHYN
PSMSL Station Number: 1450.php
WOD Zone: 5015

PSMSL Station Name: KANTON ISLAND
PSMSL Station Number: 575.php
WOD Zone: 5017

PSMSL Station Name: KANTON ISLAND-B
PSMSL Station Number: 1329.php
WOD Zone: 5017

PSMSL Station Name: ZANZIBAR
PSMSL Station Number: 1600.php
WOD Zone: 3003

PSMSL Station Name: MOMBASA II
PSMSL Station Number: 2183.php
WOD Zone: 3003

PSMSL Station Name: LAMU B
PSMSL Station Number: 2198.php
WOD Zone: 3004

PSMSL Station Name: POINT LA RUE
PSMSL Station Number: 1846.php
WOD Zone: 3005

PSMSL Station Name: GAN II
PSMSL Station Number: 1707.php
WOD Zone: 3007

PSMSL Station Name: DIEGO GARCIA-C
PSMSL Station Number: 1740.php
WOD Zone: 3007

PSMSL Station Name: DIEGO GARCIA D
PSMSL Station Number: 2190.php
WOD Zone: 3007

PSMSL Station Name: PADANG B
PSMSL Station Number: 2193.php
WOD Zone: 3010

PSMSL Station Name: CILACAP B
PSMSL Station Number: 2199.php
WOD Zone: 3010

Layer 15
PSMSL Station Name: BAHIA ESPERANZA
PSMSL Station Number: 988.php
WOD Zone: 5605

PSMSL Station Name: PUERTO SOBERANIA
PSMSL Station Number: 1603.php
WOD Zone: 5605

PSMSL Station Name: ALMIRANTE BROWN
PSMSL Station Number: 858.php
WOD Zone: 5606

PSMSL Station Name: ARGENTINE ISLANDS
PSMSL Station Number: 913.php
WOD Zone: 5606

PSMSL Station Name: ROTHERA
PSMSL Station Number: 1931.php
WOD Zone: 5606