Friday, February 5, 2016

The Warming Science Commentariat

"A slight drizzle"
I. The Fuzzy Warm

The dictionaries don't vary much when they define 'commentariat':
"All the pundits and commentators of the news media collectively" - Wictionary; "a group of powerful and influential commentators" - Miriam-Webster; "Members of the news media considered as a class" - Oxford; "the journalists and broadcasters who analyse and comment on current affairs" - Free Dictionary; "the group of people who regularly write about subjects in the news or discuss them on television" - Macmillan; "the journalists and broadcasters who analyse and comment on current affairs" - Collins; "the journalists and broadcasters who analyse and comment on current affairs" - Dictionary.Com.

II. It Is Warm So Cover Up

Those definitions above do not apply when the subject matter is The Damaged Global Climate System (The Damaged Global Climate System, 2, 3, 4, 5).

"A warm southern breeze"
Which is now a worldwide system of damage, yes, a system of automated damage which they choose to either ignore or cover up on behalf of their cohorts in the epigovernment (Epigovernment: The New Model - 11).

It is a damaging system which they have greatly helped to bring about by way of, among other things, deliberate geoengineering of the flow of information through "the innertubes" (MOMCOM 2.0).

And boy howdy, they are by now consummate deceivers:
"Mass-media coverage of climate change is not simply a random amalgam of newspaper articles and television segments; rather, it is a social relationship between scientists, policy actors and the public that is mediated by such news
"Hurricane Patricia Big Nuthin"
packages. This paper demonstrates that consistent adherence to interacting journalistic norms has contributed to impediments in the coverage of anthropogenic climate change science. Through analysis of US newspaper and television coverage of human contributions to climate change from 1988 through 2004, this paper finds that adherence to first-order journalistic norms – personalization, dramatization, and novelty – significantly influence the employment of second-order norms – authority-order and balance – and that this has led to informationally deficient mass media coverage of this crucial issue. By critically scrutinizing US print and television media as a ‘public arena,’ we improve understanding of how journalistic activities have shaped interactions at the interface with climate science, policy and the public.
(Power of media to shape public response, PDF, emphasis added). So, I think the Dredd Blog definition tends to be more accurate (In the Fog of The Presstitutes, 2, 3; Blind Willie McTell News, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).

III. This Dredd Blog Series Will Expose Their Mythical Memes

I intend to go through the memes which they promulgate, the myths they perpetuate, and the distortions which they originate.

I intend to do that one, two, or three myths at a time per post.

For example:
In this series I have been pointing out mythological memes that are promoted by main stream media (McTell News) as science and as news, even though they are neither.

The news media is not giving much true information about the President's climate change trip to Alaska.

After all, there are the real news makers, the Kardasians, Trump, and shootings, so how can they talk about the President's first-time-in-history-trip for any president to the Arctic (National Geographic) ?
Like most of us, the President is unaware of the nature of climate change, that is, the part of the story in the sea level change (SLC) category.


For one thing, deliberate suppression of the information.

For another, reality is scary as hell, "so don't tell me what I don't want to hear."

Sea level fall (SLF) is unheard of.

Since I found out about it, a short while ago, I have been posting about it.

Some bloggers have been asking me to "stop with the obsession already."

Yeah, right, my reality obsession bothers them.

Too bad, on Dredd Blog reality gets first place, junk science and similar rubbish gets last place.
(False Climate Change Meme Infects The President - 2, emphasis added). Would you please show me McTell News articles that talk about SLF caused by the burning of fossil fuels which in turn causes global warming?

I mean articles in McTell News since 1888 when scientist Woodward first published a scientific paper in a journal:
To our knowledge, Woodward (1888) was the first to demonstrate that the rapid melting of an ice sheet would lead to a geographically variable sea level change. Woodward (1888) assumed a rigid, non-rotating Earth, and therefore self-gravitation of the surface load was the only contributor to the predicted departure from a geographically uniform (i.e. eustatic) sea level rise. This departure was large and counter-intuitive. Specifically, sea level was predicted to fall within ∼2000 km of a melting ice sheet, and to rise with progressively higher amplitude at greater distances. The physics governing this redistribution is straightforward.
(Mitrovica Team, quoted @ On the West Side of Zero, emphasis added). Again, show me one McTell News article that talks accurately about global warming induced SLF would you?

IV. Myth Number One

Let's get down to business, then, and start with "thermal expansion."

It is touted as the original cause of sea level change up until a few years ago.

That is because the commentariat did not want to know about, and was therefore unaware of, among other things the existence of "ghost-water" (The Ghost-Water Constant, 2, 3).

It has been shown, by a century of observations, that Woodward (1888) had a valid hypothesis (see e.g. Proof of Concept - 3, and Proof of Concept - 5).

It has also been shown that the Greenland Ice Sheet began to melt circa 1774 (Weekend Rebel Science Excursion - 54).

That is the time when SLF began to take place.

Thermal expansion in the ocean can not and does not cause SLF.

I mean SLF as recorded in many tide gauge station records, some going as far back as more than two centuries (ibid).

Nor does thermal expansion, or any other form of SLC for that matter, happen uniformly.

Thermal expansion happens more like a "warm water iceberg" in the sense of staying together in a warm water area within a larger cold water area:
In one sense, it's [El Niño is] like an iceberg; most of it is submerged, but part of it sticks out above the sea's surface, as the wedge floats in the surrounding ocean. Partly because warm water is less dense than cool water, and also partly because El Niño waters are less salty than normal seawater. (It's always raining over an El Niño, and the rainwater dilutes the sea.) Both of these conditions contribute to buoyancy. A sharp temperature and density change—called the thermocline—floats about 100 meters below the surface, and marks the bottom of this warm "iceberg." The top layer of water may protrude 150 or more centimeters above sea level. This isn't so hard to picture if you think about tides, which also pile water up above sea level.
(On The Origin of the Sea-level Seesaw - 2, quoting NOVA @ PBS). Thermal expansion in the vast ocean is not at all like thermal expansion in a small beaker warmed by a Bunsen Burner.

V. Conclusion For Today

I will continue to name individual members of the commentariat, and their myths as this series proceeds.

In the mean time, as regular readers know, you can go to the Series Posts tab at the top of this page to read more of this type of information in posts listed under the SEA LEVEL CHANGE headings on that page.

The next post in this series is here.

From Media Matters:

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Epigovernment: The New Model - 11

Get the picture?
I. Series Background

The epigovernment has been around for a long time.

It was revealed by the "father of spin [propaganda]" in his book titled "Propaganda."

His description of the epigovernment has been  taken directly from that book and quoted in this series.

He knew the score and the reality first hand, having worked for the epigovernment, the visible government, big business, and the private empire, for years.

His understanding of psychology (Sigmund Freud was his uncle) helped him to develop mechanisms for mass control through the mass media.

That billion dollar industry is now "sanitized" by the description "The Public Relations Industry" (The Deceit Business).

II. "The Father of Spin" Describes "Epigovernment"

Mr. Edward L. Bernays himself describes epigovernment his way:
THE conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society.

Our invisible governors are, in many cases, unaware of the identity of their fellow members in the inner cabinet.

They govern us by their qualities of natural leadership, their ability to supply needed ideas and by their key position in the social structure. Whatever attitude one chooses to take toward this condition, it remains a fact that in almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of persons — a trifling fraction of our hundred and twenty [now 320] million — who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind, who harness old social forces and contrive new ways to bind and guide the world.
It is the purpose of this book to explain the structure of the mechanism which controls the public mind, and to tell how it is manipulated by the special pleader who seeks to create public acceptance for a particular idea or commodity. It will attempt at the same time to find the due place in the modern democratic scheme for this new propaganda and to suggest its gradually evolving code of ethics and practice.
(Epigovernment: The New Model, quoting Edward L. Bernays' book Propaganda). Way too many of us thought that his rap was nothing more than a "conspiracy theory."

We believed that because the controlling culture's mouthpiece, which Bernays made into an institution, told us so (On The Origin of "Conspiracy Theory", 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).

III. A Deeper Look

In 1928, when Bernays published his book "Propaganda," the epigovernment already existed, and was already firmly in place.

That is, he was describing an existing social structure that directed and guided an entire culture.

This epigovernment thingy does not seem to be of the nature that Americans think of when they think of "government of, by, and for the people."

That is because it obviously isn't government of, by, and for the people.

So, where, when, why, how, and through whom did it originate?

Here is one clue from Chomsky that caught my eye:
One of the most important comments on deceit, I think, was made by Adam Smith. He pointed out that a major goal of business is to deceive and oppress the public.

And one of the striking features of the modern period is the institutionalization of that process, so that we now have huge industries deceiving the public — and they're very conscious about it, the public relations industry. Interestingly, this developed in the freest countries—in Britain and the US — roughly around time of WWI, when it was recognized that enough freedom had been won that people could no longer be controlled by force. So modes of deception and manipulation had to be developed in order to keep them under control
(The Deceit Business, emphasis added). Ok, so let's check off the 'where' ("Britain and the US"), the 'when' ("roughly around ... WW I"), the 'why' ("enough freedom had been won that people could no longer be controlled by force"), and the 'how' ("modes of deception and manipulation").

Which now leaves us with the tough one: the 'whom' (whodunit?).

That one is the tough nut to crack because Bernays described that part of the equation as "an invisible government ... Our invisible governors ... [a] relatively small number of persons" (ibid).

Something hidden in plain sight in the

IV. The Embryo of Oil-Qaeda

First, let's consider the richest American in the world about that time:
John Davison Rockefeller (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American industrialist and philanthropist. He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he founded the Standard Oil Company and aggressively ran it until he officially retired in 1897. Standard Oil began as an Ohio partnership formed by John D. Rockefeller, his brother William Rockefeller, Henry Flagler, Jabez Bostwick, chemist Samuel Andrews, and a silent partner, Stephen V. Harkness. As kerosene and gasoline grew in importance, Rockefeller's wealth soared, and he became the world's richest man and the first American worth more than a billion dollars. Adjusting for inflation, he is often regarded as the richest person in history.
(A History of Oil Addiction - 2). He wrote a book to describe some of the dynamics taking place in those embryonic, formative years.

It was a book which was picked up by another author:
John D. Rockefeller, in his 1909 Random Reminiscences of Men and Events,
Random Reminiscences of Men and Events
recalled, "One of our greatest helpers has been the State Department. Our ambassadors and ministers and consuls have aided to push our way into new markets in the utmost corners of the world." But he left out a key explanation for the government's interest. Standard Oil was the biggest U.S. company, putting a hundred ships to sea, buying and selling oil in Latin America, Germany, and the Far East. It also operated a global intelligence system. "By 1885," according to one historian, "seventy percent of the Standard's business was overseas and it had its own network of agents through the world, and its own espionage service, to forestall the initiatives of rival companies or governments."
(American Theocracy: The Peril and Politics of ..., emphasis added). "The Standard" is what Rockefeller called his oil corporation.

That corporation and other corporate segments of Oil-Qaeda, to this day, still consider themselves to be a "private sovereign" (MOMCOM: The Private Parts, 2, 3, 4, 5).

On the British side of this coin (the ruling empire at the time), a synchronization was being instigated around oil:
From the moment he arrived at the Admiralty, a young man of destiny, Churchill started to prepare the fleet for the Battle of Armageddon he believed was inevitable.

Then, in 1911, the German Kaiser provoked the Agadir crisis ... Churchill went to the Admiralty and his outlook transformed. He was immediately confronted with the decisive question: to convert the navy from coal to oil ... the "fateful plunge" was made ... in April 1912 ... five oil-burning battleships were approved.
Britain was well supplied with coal [but not oil]. It was the Royal Navy which was the impetus for the development of the oil industry in Britain. The problem was supply and the security of that supply. Initially, the British government purchased shares in the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, subsequently, British Petroleum [BP].

Then, to prevent further disruptions, Britain enmeshed itself ever more deeply in the Middle East, working to install new shahs in Iran and carve Iraq out of the collapsing Ottoman Empire.

Churchill fired the starting gun, but all of the Western powers joined the race to control Middle Eastern oil.

Long before politicians mewled helplessly about the power of “Big Oil”, carbon-based fuels were shaping our very political, legal, intellectual, and physical structures.
For instance, the invasion of Iraq in 2003 was a pivotal moment in America’s strategic outlook. America, a global hegemon whose empire was weakening, seized the second largest oil deposits in the world as a way of preventing its economic and political decline.
The last declining global hegemon, Great Britain, also engaged in a brutal and highly controversial British occupation of Iraq, in the 1920s, pressed aggressively by the well-known British conservative, Winston Churchill.

(The Universal Smedley - 2, quoting several books). Thus, we should be able to see that the embryo of Oil-Qaeda formed way back then, way before we were born.

V. The Embryo Grew Into A Monster

In later years, a writer observed the essence of what had evolved, and then wrote the essentials down in a book:
"The enemy aggressor is always pursuing a course of larceny, murder, rapine and barbarism. We are always moving forward with high mission, a destiny imposed by the Deity to regenerate our victims, while incidentally capturing their markets; to civilise savage and senile and paranoid peoples, while blundering accidentally into their oil wells or metal mines."
(As We Go Marching, by John T. Flynn, 1944, p. 222, emphasis added). The writer at that time saw a persistent cultural characteristic, a pattern of cultural behavior.

Since that embryonic time a half century prior to Flynn, at about the turn of the century when the 1800's turned into the 1900's, careful observers noticed that large and small wars had been fought the world over to control oil.

Flynn himself also noticed that propaganda demonizing those who had "our oil" under their soils, convinced many that those barbarians must be dispossessed of it.

That is still the basis of the western foreign policy trance to this day (Choose Your Trances Carefully, 2, 3).

Untold millions have, by now, died in those wars (The Peak Of The Oil Wars, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12).

But, that is just the beginning, because the monster is now hell-bent on also doing ultimate damage to the entire planet (Civilization Is Now On Suicide Watch, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8).

VI. Conclusion

As it turns out, those who subverted the American government, then made it into a servant of their needs, did so long ago.

IMO this bolsters and helps to explain, in more detail, the statements in yesterday's post about collective guilt (The Psychology of the Notion of Collective Guilt - 2).

The previous post in this series is here.

Give Oil-Qaeda some slack?

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

The Psychology of the Notion of Collective Guilt - 2

Karma is not a collective
I. Background

This series is about placing guilt and blame where it belongs (The Psychology of the Notion of Collective Guilt).

Regular readers and minority readers know that Dredd Blog has consistently placed that guilt and blame upon the Oil-Qaeda sleeper cell (Oil-Qaeda: The Indictment, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) which has positioned itself inside the Epigovernment (Epigovernment: The New Model, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10).

They have reconstructed the government so that the will of the people expressed through the instrumentality of voting in elections has been subverted (The Elections of Pontius Pilots, 2, 3, 4, 5).

Thus, the Oil-Qaeda operatives can poison whole populations of Americans (10 Things They Won't Tell You About the Flint Water Tragedy. But I Will) while at the same time diverting attention to other terrorists far away  (The Private Empire's Social Media Hit Squads - 2).

Corrupt judicial officials give them immunity (Follow The Immunity, 2, 3; Sovereign Immunity Source: Toxins of Power?) and also give them cover (A Case of Big Oil vs. Climate Change, 2).

This is what I call bipartisan depraved heart murder (Oil-Qaeda & MOMCOM Conspire To Commit Depraved-Heart Murder, 2, 3) on a grand scale (What Next, Mass Depraved-Heart Murder?, 2).

II. Main Stream Media Gets It Right & Wrong

Regular reader Mark turned us on to a link to the Washington Post which breaks new and important ground in the reporting of important issues related to sea level change:
Right now, Antarctica is so massive that it draws the ocean toward it. Sea level slopes upward toward this largest ice mass on Earth, meaning that there is less ocean elsewhere, and particularly off of U.S. shores, than there might be otherwise.
(Washington Post). The thousands of words written about this over the years on Dredd Blog will expose this commentariat piece as a bit clumsy at this point, however, it may get better as time goes on.

I suggest that they get rid of the karma religion expressly included in their line of coverage, especially since "alien religions" are disfavored now (Washington Post).

As I alluded to above, the main focus in this series is the folly of blaming innocent people, while leaving the guilty unscathed.

The thousands of American citizens poisoned in Flint, Michigan, the millions of Californians drinking from the poisoned aquifer there, and the 5 million people around the world being poisoned by Oil-Qaeda terrorists annually, and dying from it, should not be sentenced to death because our culture is in a Stockholm Syndrome trance.

It is beyond wicked to punish the innocent while letting the guilty go free.

So, if that is the "karma" the Washington Post writer alludes to, then both the writer and the karma suck (Group Karma).

They need to get off their lazy asses and do some real criminal investigation for a change, and put handcuffs on the Oil-Qaeda masters.

III. Where Main Stream Media Needs To Go With This

It is time to give credit to Woodward (1888), to Mitrovica and his team, and to the scientists who are pointing out the grave developments taking place (video below).

I mean the grave events that are not being found to be newsworthy as of yet.

The Washington Post needs to straighten out the story line a bit, so as to continue and to enhance the better course that they are bringing to main stream journalism concerning this issue.

They need to continue their presentation of the scientific facts, but if they are going to blame someone, they need to get to the core guilt (don't fire a shotgun into a crowd because there is a guilty person in it).

This sequence of sea level rise events that we are now observing was put into action before any of us now alive were even born (e.g. The Universal Smedley - 2).

When Oil-Qaeda sensed that the problem pointed to them, they set about to cover it up, and  to let events continue to transpire that kill 5 million people a year now:
Sanders Calls for Investigation of 'Potential Corporate Fraud' by Exxon

Petition: Prosecute Exxon For Deliberate Climate Denial

Democrats Request a DOJ Investigation Into ExxonMobil, Alleging Climate Science Coverup

Big Tobacco Is Guilty of Conspiracy

Prison for Exxon Execs? Lawmakers Seek Probe of Oil Giant for Hiding Knowledge of Climate Change

Exxon’s Climate Cover-Up Should Be Investigated By DOJ, Tobacco Prosecutor Says

The Wrong Road Taken
(Oil-Qaeda & MOMCOM Conspire To Commit Depraved-Heart Murder- 2, emphasis in original). Those Oil-Qaeda merchants of doubt are still paying presstitutes to spread lies.

These events are practically inexplicable from inside the box, so I also thank Professor Naomi Oreskes for her help (The Exceptional American Denial, cf. video below).

IV. Back To The Sea

Anyway, the truth about the sea belongs to all of us, and we struggle together to get it straight, to get it down pat, for the common good.

Regular readers help me out with facts and moral support, and set me straight from time to time, which I certainly appreciate.

Other bloggers help us all out in the same way.

I sense that sea level change is upon us much more intensely than we currently realize/

I sense that some of our current Meteorology, Oceanography, and associated professional scientific understanding is falling behind the curve.

So, I have written about it ad nauseum, but until I stop learning significant factors, I will continue to convey what I pick up on.

V. Conclusion

When only 1.12% of the ice sheets have melted the seaports of the world will begin their spiral into dysfunction, if that has not already slipped in upon us.

It will put tremendous, increasing, and long lasting pressures upon the psychological construct of Oil-Qaeda and the Epigovernment.

Let's hope they back off and let us ride this sick ship of the Oil-Qaeda 'state' way down under the ocean, where it should stay (down deep into the sea of history, never to rise or appear again).

The previous post in this series is here.

Dr. Naomi Oreskes (now at Harvard) lectures @ UCSD years ago:

Professor Jerry X. Mitrovica on the gravity / axis / rotational bulge SLR / SLF issues we don't hear about often enough:

Monday, February 1, 2016

The Ghost-Water Constant - 3

Fig. 1 You can say "overdue now!"
(PS.the CO2 now is >400 PPM).
At the moment when the ghost-water phenomenon arose in my cognition, I did not fully grasp its import.

Yes, I had calculated a while back that 1.14% of ice sheet and glacial melt would cause catastrophe.

It would develop the equivalent of a global mean average sea level rise of 1 meter, according to experts I quoted, who also indicated that such a rise would be catastrophic to civilization  (Why Sea Level Rise May Be The Greatest Threat To Civilization - 3).

(As regular readers know, some places would have more than that, some less, because the 1m is a global mean average.)

Then, I noticed that there was ocean water that I was not taking account of, and neither were some others , so I called it "ghost-water."

Then, I went about calculating its significance (The Ghost-Water Constant, 2).

Earlier today, while doing some blogger chores and tidying up on the Series Post page, I remembered the 1.14% value once again.

Then at about the same time or shortly thereafter, it dawned on me that the 1.14% figure is now too much (in light of the ghost-water phenomenon).

I remembered that the ghost-water constant is 13.95% at this time, so I realized that the ghost-water constant also had to be applied to the 1.14% figure.

The calculation goes like this:
The 1.14% comes from "The delicacy of the issue can be seen ... by realizing that only 1.14% of the global ice volume needs to melt to get us there (3 ft ÷ 263.5 ft. = 0.011385 = 1.14%)" (quoting the post: A Paper From Hansen et al. Is Now Open For Discussion)

The ghost-water constant is now calculated as 13.95%, so:

13.95% of 263.5 ft. = 36.7583
263.5 + 36.7583 = 300.2583
3 ft. ÷ 300.2583 = 0.009991397 = 1%
So, the take home from this is that it takes less, percentage wise, to get to the damaging global mean average sea level of 1m.

The old 1.14% threshold as it turns out, is now re-calculated as 1% of the ice sheet mass needing to melt or calve to result in that ~1m sea level position.

The reality from this is that we are WAY OVERDUE for serious impact from sea level rise, and the current pace is more than the scientific commentariat grasps.

I think it is here now, but the use of "king tides", "el nino", "la nina", "coastal wind flooding", "thermal expansion", and other descriptions, are (probably inadvertently) covering up the impact of sea level rise that is flowing under our door now (e.g. El Ninos are not all the same).

The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.

Sunday, January 31, 2016

Proxymetry3 - 4

Fig. 1 "I see ghost water"
I. Forward

The sub-title of today's post is: "On the origin and evolution of ghost-water" (a type of nomad water).

There are two types of nomad water.

One type is water which the scientific community commentariat sees, the other type is the ghost-water hidden right before their eyes, yes, the water hidden in very plain sight.

Some people can't "see" the ghost-water, some can, which brings up the old saying "there are none more blind than those who refuse to see."

Today, then, I will again point out the ghost-water that has been hiding in our eyes for quite some time, and then point out some 5th grade physics that can remove every mystery about ghost-water (except maybe the spookiness of not having discovered it earlier).

The twin nomad of ghost-water (ice sheet melt-water) is commonly seen by many, and is added to their sea level change (SLC) calculations.

The major quantities of ghost-water, however, are not added to their SLC calculations.

Some scientists know about it, but the majority of those in the crowd who write about SLC seem to always miss it.
Fig. 2 English SLR

They do not add it onto their mathematical calculations concerning SLC, whether or not that SLC is in the form of sea level fall (SLF) or sea level rise (SLR).

Today, as I wrote above, I will differentiate between these twins, ghost-water and the other twin, the water everyone can see already (only if they want to).

II. The Visible Twin

The long and short of it is covered by this quote:
Fig. 3  AI.NE.NE fingerprint
"In fact, melting ice from Antarctica and Greenland (map) is giving the oceans huge infusions of water, which then gets pulled toward the Equator — counteracting a millennia-old slimming trend around the planet's middle, experts say."
(National Geographic, emphasis added). That twin adds to the bulge at the equator, or as we call it, SLC.

That bulge is 42.72 kilometers in magnitude.

The emphasis added to the following quotes alludes to those bulge events which take place at the Earth's mid-section:
"An equatorial bulge is a difference between the equatorial and polar diameters of a planet, due to the centrifugal force of its rotation. A rotating body tends to form an oblate spheroid rather than a sphere. The Earth has an equatorial bulge of 42.77 km (26.58 mi): that is, its diameter measured across the equatorial plane (12,756.27 km (7,926.38 mi)) is 42.77 km more than that measured between the poles (12,713.56 km (7,899.84 mi)). An observer standing at sea level on either pole, therefore, is 21.36 km closer to Earth's centrepoint than if standing at sea level on the equator. The value of Earth's radius may be approximated by the average of these radii." - Wikipedia

"Beginning in the 16th century, humanity’s understanding of our world and the cosmos was revolutionized as we became aware of a simple fact. The Earth moved! Not only did it move about the Sun, but it also rotates. And while it would take several centuries before this became universally accepted (aka. a few people had to endure persecution and house arrest) the fact that the Earth rotates about our Sun and on its axis soon became accepted fact.

In fact, the rotation of our planet on its axis and around the Sun are the cause of just about every stellar phenomenon we humans have come to take for granted." -  Universe Today

"The Earth has an equatorial bulge of 42.72 km (26.5 miles) due to its rotation. That is, its diameter measured across the equatorial plane (12756.28 km, 7,927 miles) is 42.72 km more than that measured between the poles (12713.56 km, 7,900 miles)." - Mr. Wizard
Watching the primaries, we find that some still don't get SLC yet (Selecting A Leader From The Asylum).

They would likely soil themselves if you mention 42.72 km of SLR/bulge caused by the Earth's rotation.

It is somewhat like that with "ghost-water" too.

III. The Heretofore "Invisible Twin" - The Ghost-Water

I have looked at hundreds of scientific papers, articles on SLC, and news releases but have never heard ghost-water mentioned by name or by dynamic reference.

Like "the European problem" of old, they keep seeing more water but they don't see where it is coming from.

The ghost-water is a ghost because they do not see it, not because it is not there.

So, they say "thermal expansion", "land mass rise/fall", etc., is "____ times more than previously thought" ... or something to that general effect.

What they are not seeing is in plain sight has existed longer than they, with their pens, pencils, and keyboards, have:
I want to begin today's post with a quote from the IPCC concerning sea level change (SLC).

The quote in question parrots the all too often spoken and written conventional lack of wisdom concerning an evidently little known reality about SLC.

That quote is: "... thermal expansion ... is one of the major contributors to sea level changes during the 20th and 21st centuries." (IPCC, emphasis added).
(The Ghost-Water Constant - 2). Because of influential but erroneous scientific dogma, they see an imaginary "major" contribution to SLC.

But they do not see an actual, real major contributor which I call ghost-water (Questionable Scientific Papers - 4).

The physics of the ghost-water phenomenon is explained in The Gravity of Sea Level Change - 4, so I won't repeat it here.

IV. The Nature of Ghost-Water

Twins have similar genes but nothing indicates they have to be identical in all cases (Scientific American).

It is the same with the twins I am talking about.

The twin that is known by some as: "melting ice from Antarctica and Greenland (map) is giving the oceans huge infusions of water, which then gets pulled toward the Equator" (Section II above) is substantially "genetically" the same as its ghost-water twin.

Fig. 4 Green & blue end up far away
IOW, after the ice melts to make the "visible" twin, they are both water at that moment, they both then flow away from the coastal area of origin, they both flow toward the equator, and both of them are moved toward the equator by the forces of the Earth's rotation (Fig. 4).

But the ghost-water is neither ice, ice-sheet calved ice-bergs, nor melt-water; no, it is seawater that existed there a long time while its twin was still ice (Note: only an amount of ghost-water "equal" to the ice sheet's gravity loss escapes).

Ghost-water is seawater drawn up, like a perpetual high tide, against the coastline of land masses that have ice sheets on them.

It is drawn there and then held there by the gravitational power of the ice sheet's mass (see Mitrovica video below).

As the ice sheet melts, the cumulative power of that ice sheet's gravity decreases, releasing some of the ghost-water twin along with the other twin, the ice sheet's melt-water.

They are both then relocated toward the equatorial bulge, according to the laws of the forces of gravity, as well as those caused by the Earth's rotation.

V. The History of Ghost-Water's Twin

A scientist in 1888 wrote about it:
To our knowledge, Woodward (1888) was the first to demonstrate that the rapid melting of an ice sheet would lead to a geographically variable sea level change. Woodward (1888) assumed a rigid, non-rotating Earth, and therefore self-gravitation of the surface load was the only contributor to the predicted departure from a geographically uniform (i.e. eustatic) sea level rise. This departure was large and counter-intuitive. Specifically, sea level was predicted to fall within ∼2000 km of a melting ice sheet, and to rise with progressively higher amplitude at greater distances. The physics governing this redistribution is straightforward.
(On the West Side of Zero, quoting Professor Mitrovica). Like I said, a few do grasp that part of the twin story.

The ghost-twin, however, is not generally acknowledged, as I pointed out above (that twin may have been given up for adoption?).

Land subsidence, thermal expansion, and other phenomena are conflated to account for the "hidden" SLR or SLF source.

In other words, a phenomenon caused by the ghost-water is not attributed to it as it should be.

VI. The Future of Ghost-Water

If SLC and global warming can't be seen by those who refuse to see it, we can expect the same for the ghost-water that adds perhaps ~13.95% to SLC.

I have "fingerprinted" ghost-water, and its twin, in the Dredd Blog way of fingerprinting, which is a hybrid of the traditional method of fingerprinting (see e.g. SLC Fingerprints R Us - 2, Questionable Scientific Papers - 5).

That method is a type of fingerprinting that I think is an improvement over the traditional method.

For example, in Fig. 3, "displacement" is pictured as the twin we all know, but also pictured is the "ghost-water" twin, as well as minor contributors: "thermal-factor."

Let's hope that a real major contributor, ghost-water, gets the recognition it deserves, and can then move away from the "I Don't Get No Respect" realm.

VII. Conclusion

Since tradition tends to evolve into a trance, be careful (Choose Your Trances Carefully).

Those who don't exercise care in trance selection may never get here (You Are Here).

BTW, the PSMSL stations graphed and fingerprinted in zone AI.NE.NE (Fig. 2 and Fig. 3) are Stn. #1109 (WICK), Stn. #361 (ABERDEEN I), Stn. #95 (NORTH SHIELDS), Stn. #1505 (WHITBY), Stn. #286 (IMMINGHAM), Stn. #5 (HOLYHEAD), Stn. #936 (HEYSHAM), Stn. #755 (MILLPORT), Stn. #1112 (ULLAPOOL), and Stn. #314 (STORNOWAY).

The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.

Dr. Mitrovica: A discussion of, among other things, SLC as impacted by ice sheet mass and gravity: