Thursday, October 11, 2018

New Slang - 2

Fig. 1 pelagic zones
This is a follow-up to the new, ongoing pelagic zone depth level process.

The graphic at Fig. 1 reiterates the common pelagic zones known to oceanographers.

The only difference I make is a minor one.

The Hadopelagic Zone depth is at "about 6000m" as it is described in the literature.

The WOD deepest section, which goes all the way to the bottom like the Hadopelagic does, begins at 5500m.

That is "about 6000m" so I use that WOD depth of 5500m as the beginning of the Hadopelagic.

Anyway, the few graphs today show the contrast between seawater at the poles compared to seawater at the equator.
Fig. 2a CT @ Layer 0
Fig. 2b SA @ Layer 0
Fig. 2c Thermosteric SLC @ Layer 0

Each section contains a CT graph, an SA graph, and a thermal expansion graph.

The graphs in each section are for only one of three layers (Layer 0, Layer 8, and Layer 16).

Layers typically have different numbers of WOD zones that contain data.

That is because of land masses and zones where no measurements have been taken yet.

What these three layers show is that the seawater at the poles is less stable in terms of temperature and salinity.

The warmer seawater at the poles is deep water, as is the seawater with the highest salinity.

The seawater at equatorial layers (layer 8, see Fig. 5) tend to be the opposite.

The fact that the poles are warming more than the rest of the globe probably has a lot to do with that contrast.

Compare the graph at Fig. 3a (Conservative Temperature at the equator) with the graphs at Fig. 2a and Fig. 4a and you will see what I mean.
Fig. 3a CT @ Layer 8
Fig. 3b SA @ Layer 8
Fig. 3c Thermosteric SLC @ Layer 8

Fig. 4a CT @ Layer 16
Fig. 4b SA @ Layer 16
Fig. 4c Thermosteric SLC @ Layer 16
If it was the other way around, the tidewater glaciers at the poles would not be melting so fast (e.g. Antarctica 2.0 - 6 [& supplements A, B, C, D, E, F]).

The ocean current flowing around Antarctica (of which it is said "That single current moves more water than all the rivers on the planet combined" - Mysterious Zones of Antarctica - 2) is a factor too.

I now have a way of communicating those conditions in specific terms that the oceanographic community uses (Fig. 1).

In future posts I will describe and graph some of the other TEOS-10 variables that I calculate using measurements in the WOD datasets.

These preliminary graphs only display a few of the several values collected and stored.

They are all important.

Here is slice of a C++ program that has a list of the values that are collected and/or calculated:

  in situ measurement values
double T [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** ocean temperature (deg C) */
unsigned Tcount [maxPelagicDepths];

double SP [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** practical salinity */
unsigned SPcount [maxPelagicDepths];

  TEOS calculated values
double SA [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** Absolute Salinity (g/kg) */
unsigned SAcount [maxPelagicDepths];

double CT [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** Conservative Temperature (deg C) */
unsigned CTcount [maxPelagicDepths];

double SVOL [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** specific volume */
unsigned SVOLcount [maxPelagicDepths];

double density [maxPelagicDepths];
Fig. 5 WOD Layers
 /** seawater compression */
unsigneddensityCount [maxPelagicDepths];

double tec [maxPelagicDepths];
 /** thermal expansion coefficient */
unsigned tecCount [maxPelagicDepths];

double tsVol [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** thermosteric volume */
unsigned tsVolCount [maxPelagicDepths];

double tsSLC [maxPelagicDepths]; 
/** thermosteric sea level change */
unsigned tsSLCcount [maxPelagicDepths];"

TEOS-10 is a very robust system.

The previous post in this series is here.

How To Identify The Despotic Minority - 4

Is the joke on us?
I. Hiding in Plain Sight

One of the "sights unseen" concerning a developing despotic minority is that they can become stronger than the majority at some point.

This is the case in the United States at this time.

The way the Senate rebelled against the Constitution (refused to consider a presidential nominee, Merrick Garland, then ramrodded another nominee of their liking instead, and then called those who resisted them "a mob") is a wake up call.

Kavanaught was not the people's choice, no, the coup was a deliberate violation which signaled that the despotic minority is now stronger than the majority ("with the advent of the Tea Party, the United States is experiencing the opposite tyranny, one of the minority" - The Fiscal Times).

If they are not stopped, they could become a despotic majority, which is the only thing worse than a despotic minority (Origins).

II. Deja Vu All Over Again

The founders ostensibly struggled to make a system that could be immune from both a despotic minority and a despotic majority.

What has thwarted what they struggled for is continual warfare.

In their minds continual warfare is a cultural disease which is caused by a cultural germ:
Our founders were well aware of the question and the answer hundreds of years ago.

They spoke the answer with unmistakable words and with certain clarity:
Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied: and all the means of seducing the minds, are added to those of subduing the force, of the people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes, and the opportunities of fraud, growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals, engendered by both. No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. Those truths are well established.
(James Madison, emphasis added). The visionary who made that statement was the 4th President of the United States, Bill of Rights author, Congressman, Cabinet Member, and who was also called the "Father of the U.S. Constitution".

The above quote is from his "Political Observations," April 20, 1795, in Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, Volume IV, page 491-492.

Notice, in the quote above, how Madison equated or associated the toxins of power with disease epidemic concepts, saying that the war toxin "develops the germ of every other" anti-freedom toxin.
(The Greatest Source Of Power Toxins?). When we think that we are free, and when we erroneously think that freedom comes from war, we are culturally sick with that germ.

III. Get Your "Vaccimation"

The Memetic Lexicon describes an entity called a "vaccime", which is an antidote to a wrong idea or ideal.

Unless we are inoculated with historical reality we will inexorably go down the path of the previous civilizations that have felt immune and exceptional:
History told us this was going to happen:
But always TCS is primarily the population segment diagnosed as a despotic minority which the once most-often-quoted historian, Toynbee, fingered as one of the members of the trinity of extinction that he found in all civilizations that were about to become very successful at becoming extinct:
That something is the dementia that produces and ends up in suicide:
"In other words, a society does not ever die 'from natural causes', but always dies from suicide or murder --- and nearly always from the former, as this chapter has shown."
(A Study of History, by Arnold J. Toynbee). There is no cure for the final symptom of that group dementia, there is only prevention by way of avoiding it altogether in the first place.

The components of that group dementia were pointed out in an encyclopedia piece concerning that historian quoted above:
"In the Study Toynbee examined the rise and fall of 26 civilizations in the course of human history, and he concluded that they rose by responding successfully to challenges under the leadership of creative minorities composed of elite leaders. Civilizations declined when their leaders stopped responding creatively, and the civilizations then sank owing to the sins of nationalism, militarism, and the tyranny of a despotic minority. Unlike Spengler in his The Decline of the West, Toynbee did not regard the death of a civilization as inevitable, for it may or may not continue to respond to successive challenges. Unlike Karl Marx, he saw history as shaped by spiritual, not economic forces" ...
(Encyclopedia Britannica, emphasis added). The show stopper, in terms of remedy, in this type of group dementia is that it is a contagious dementia.
(Etiology of Social Dementia - 18). That particular "minority" is not a racial or ethnic minority, rather, it is primarily composed of a destructive suicidal trance (Choose Your Trances Carefully, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8).
(Arrested Development: The Creep State). Our culture is composed, now, of the toxins of power that habitually destroy nations and civilizations (Hypothesis: The Cultural Amygdala - 2).
(When You Are Governed By Psychopaths - 8). Whether or not elections can cure the disease depends on how much "the germ" has metastasized (The Elections of Pontius Pilots, 2, 3, 4, 5).

IV. Conclusion

An election is on the horizon, and moving quickly towards us.

The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

New Slang

Fig. 1 More Zones
The graphic at Fig. 1 shows five oceanographic depth levels of the ocean environment (a.k.a. pelagic zones).

I have decided to use the mean average of those 5 depth levels to display general information (On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction - 38).

I have been using up to 33 WOD depths from the WOD Manual (Appendix 11, page 132).

But since there are 33 of them, it is difficult to show them all in a post.

I have tried to narrow it to 3, 7, and random depths in the past, with suitable results, however the nomenclature of oceanography depth levels gives additional clarity.

But when I came across the Fig. 1 graphic while reading in Wikipedia (link under Fig. 1 graphic), I decided that it is time to use these depth levels in posts.

That does not mean I will change the use of the standard 33 depths in the WOD manual, here, and in my SQL server.

The values for the depths shown by name in Fig. 1 will be computed using the 33 standard depth in-situ WOD measurements as follows:

Epipelagic (surface to 200 m)

WOD depths
0 - 10m
10m - 20m
20m - 30m
30m - 50m
50m - 75m
75m - 100m
100m - 125m
125m - 150m
150m - 200m

Mesopelagic (>200 m to 1000 m)

WOD depths
>200m - 250m
250m - 300m
300m - 400m
400m - 500m
500m - 600m
600m - 700m
700m - 800m
800m - 900m
900m - 1000m

Bathypelagic (>1000 m to 4000 m)

WOD depths
>1000m - 1100m
1100m - 1200m
1200m - 1300m
1300m - 1400m
1400m - 1500m
1500m - 1750m
1750m - 2000m
2000m - 2500m
2500m - 3000m
3000m - 3500m
3500m - 4000m

Abyssopelagic (>4000 m to 5500 m)

WOD depths
>4000m - 4500m
4500m - 5000m
5000m - 5500m

Hadopelagic (>5500 m)

WOD depths

[Hadopelagic begins "about 6000m"
so I stayed with the 5500m WOD value]

As you can see, it is a matter of condensing by summation the WOD depths to derive the 5 pelagic ("relating to the open sea") zone values.

One value that changed as a result of this combination is a slight increase in the percentage of thermal expansion.

Previously it was calculated to be 2.37%, however, in this new 5-depth arrangement (see graphs below) it calculated as 3.63% (4.02195 ÷ 110.855 = 0.036281178 = 3.63%).

That is only a 1.26% difference, which I attribute to the condensation from 33 to 5 depth layers, timing of rounding, and the like (if I use the -100mm SLC starting point @ Fig. 5,  the 110.855 becomes 210.855, so  4.02195 ÷ 210.855 = 0.019074482 = 1.91%).

That is only a 0.46% difference.

The bottom line is that thermal expansion / contraction is not "the major cause" or even "a major cause" of sea level change (On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38).

Fig. 2 CT at Pelagic Zones

Fig. 3 SA at Pelagic Zones

Fig. 4 Thermosteric SLC at Pelagic Zones

Fig. 5 Sea level change according to Tide Gauges