Friday, January 18, 2019

The Warming Science Commentariat - 13

Pelagic Depths
I. Background 

The bleep goes on following the Resplandy paper (On Resplandy Et Alia (2018)).

After the Resplandy paper was found to be in error, along comes another paper quoting it and others that are less error prone (How fast are the oceans warming?, 1/11/19).

And the echo chambers echoed it: Chinese Academy Oceans Warming Faster than Expected (same Reuters) (same Arctic Today) (same Eureka Alert!) (same French Press) (same RawStory).

We have more "coverage" than we have close analysis, so here Dredd Blog goes again with a criticism of the lack of scientific coherence on the subject of ocean heat content (OHC).

Let's begin at the beginning with three major factors that cause the Warming Science Commentariat (WSC) to not have a reasonable clue about the boundaries of the issue of OHC.

II. Three Factors

The first factor is that OHC models contain a false premise that has been pointed out for the better part of two decades (McDougall, 2003, Patterns: Conservative Temperature & Potential Enthalpy, TEOS).
All Layers
All Layers
All Layers

Yet, that practice continues:
"Recent estimates of observed warming resemble those seen in models, indicating that models reliably project changes in OHC ... Several studies have attempted to improve the methods used to account for spatial and temporal gaps in ocean temperature measurements ... Resplandy et al. used ocean warming outgassing of O2 and CO2, which can be isolated from the direct effects of anthropogenic emissions and CO2 sinks, to independently estimate changes in OHC over time after 1991."
("How fast are the oceans warming?", supra). That paper blatantly quotes the Resplandy paper without mentioning that the authors admitted their error.

The WSC are not deterred because they are unaware of the nuts and bolts of OHC detection systems.

Layer 0
Layer 0
The second factor is that the current standard of seawater thermodynamics (TEOS-10) is not being used or quoted in such papers some nine years after its introduction.

And the third factor is that the in situ measurements available are not being utilized.

The excuses for not doing so are lame.

The recent paper ("How fast are the oceans warming?") quoted above does not even mention The World Ocean Database (WOD).

That excellent source has billions of in situ global ocean measurements taken by researchers from all over the globe, but is currently shut down at this time due to a snit fit by The Shape Shifters of Bullshitistan who in effect closed the government agencies that maintain it.

III. The Search For OHC

Layer 8
Layer 8
Layer 8
I am reminded of what I wrote a while back.

Concerning OHC I wrote:
"If we do not know what to look for when searching for seawater "heat" then we are not likely to find it are we?"
(Patterns: Conservative Temperature & Potential Enthalpy - 2). What we are looking for when we search for OHC is potential enthalpy (McDougall, 2003; supra).

Today's graphs are made with WOD data and the TEOS-10 toolbox to depict thermodynamic proportion.

This is done by calculating hO (potential enthalpy, the real OHC) and Conservative Temperature (CT) from actual measurements of the ocean to show that McDougall and his team and the official institutions of oceanography are correct.

They have been correct for many years and we owe them a debt of gratitude for the improvements to the tools for searching for OHC (to ignore them is unprofessional and erroneous).

IV. The Graphs Show Where To Search

Remember, for a moment, your high school thermodynamics teacher telling you that heat spontaneously "flows".

WOD Layers
The "direction" it flows in is from hot to cold, so warmer flows to cooler.

You are likely to conclude that since the warmer water generally tends to be near the surface and the cooler water tends to be deeper, we should check out the Hadopelagic Zone to see if any is getting there.

Today's graphs give us a taste of that.

The graphs labeled "All Layers" are composed using "all" (excluding XBT and surface only datasets) WOD temperature, salinity, and depth measurements from all WOD Zones.

The graph labeled "Layer 0" is composed using WOD temperature, salinity, and depth measurements from WOD Layer 0 (Arctic).

The graph labeled "Layer 8" is composed using WOD temperature, salinity, and depth measurements from WOD Layer 8 (Equator).

Let's cut to the chase and notice that the "All Layers" and "Layer 8" graphs show that even the deepest depth zone, the Hadopelagic, has "heat flux".

By "heat flux" I mean heat entering and leaving those depth levels.

V. Thermodynamic Proportion

In the graphs CT and hO are placed side by side so you can visualize their proportional relationship (except the Hadopelagic zone where they are stacked CT over hO).

The graphs show that CT and hO are in exact proportion to one another at all ocean depths.

When a graph segment changes upward or downward it indicates that CT at that depth is changing, and that hO is tied to CT (changes proportionally with it).

That, then, is the way to follow OHC.

When a graph line changes direction, a spontaneous flow of hot to cold, warm to cool, or less cold to colder has taken place.

Both the temperature and heat content go up and down in synchrony.

The last graph of "All Layers" concerning the Hadopelagic at the equator shows that the synchrony reaches all the way to the greatest depths.

If you think ocean heat is "missing" in a particular location, look deeper, or in some case shallower, because if a layer of cool water is above a warmer layer, the spontaneous flow will be upward (and sometimes even sideways).

The amount of heat in the ocean does not have to change as these ups and downs take place.

Where the heat is located is what changes (with some exceptions such as when heat leaves the ocean to enter the atmosphere, leaves the ocean to enter tidewater glaciers, or a colder ocean bottom) because the heat flows spontaneously as radiation to a cooler location (Second Law of Thermodynamics - hot flows to cold).

VI. Conclusion

It is way past time for the WSC to get with the official oceanography program (TEOS-10 which has McDougall's proofs in it).

The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Snoring While Woke - 3

Who Has The Most Rights
I. The Feckless Minority?
Can you detect the cognitive snoring of the cultural Amygdala (Hypothesis: The Cultural Amygdala, 2, 3, 4, 5)?

That unique snoring is emanating from within the corporate mass-media and the "my precious" media within it (Blind Willie McTell News, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).

It is masking itself with the sound of "crickets" enhanced by decades of giggles emanating from the ignorati (Agnotology: The Surge, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20).

I am talking about the breaking national snooze brought to you by the advertising dollars invested in the unbounded corporate media by the unbounded trances of the corporate greed machine (Choose Your Trances Carefully, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8).

In times past corporate trances were seen as a "second nature" composed of deceit (The Deceit Business).

II. The Feckless Majority?

But if you have ears to hear the sounds of "that something" approaching, it is an unmistakable yet overlooked set of events that have made history for eons.

That something is the dementia that produces and ends up in suicide:
"In other words, a society does not ever die 'from natural causes', but always dies from suicide or murder --- and nearly always from the former, as this chapter has shown."
(A Study of History, by Arnold J. Toynbee). There is no cure for the final symptom of that group dementia, there is only prevention by way of avoiding it altogether in the first place.

The components of that group dementia were pointed out in an encyclopedia piece concerning that historian quoted above:
"In the Study Toynbee examined the rise and fall of 26 civilizations in the course of human history, and he concluded that they rose by responding successfully to challenges under the leadership of creative minorities composed of elite leaders. Civilizations declined when their leaders stopped responding creatively, and the civilizations then sank owing to the sins of nationalism, militarism, and the tyranny of a despotic minority . "
(Encyclopedia Britannica, emphasis added). The show stopper, in terms of remedy, in this type of group dementia is that it is a contagious dementia.
(How To Identify The Despotic Minority). We know off the top of our heads what nationalism and militarism are, but I think tyranny is so camouflaged in our culture that its loud presence is not so easy to see, smell, hear, taste, and feel:
tyranny (n.) late 14c., "cruel or unjust use of power"

tyrannize (v.) "rule despotically or cruelly"

tyrant (n.) c. 1300, "absolute ruler, especially one without legal right; cruel, oppressive ruler"
Even as the cruelty (to the workers who provide coastal guards, aviation safety, food safety, and many other protections) is out in plain sight, as a culture we do not yet see it as the tyranny of a despotic minority.

Is it merely "debate" or "democracy at work" or "the shining city on a hill" ... or is it plain and simple tyranny?

If it quacks like a duck, swims like a duck, and flies like a duck it is a duck.

If it is "cruel or unjust use of power" by a tiny minority of a few ("absolute ruler, especially one without legal right; cruel, oppressive ruler") it is the tyranny of a despotic minority.

And it is a loud and clear message that yet another civilization is putting the cyanide in the kool aid.

Step right up, get your free kool aid right here folks ...

III. What Is Not Being Explained

In the first two posts of this series I fingered Witch McConnell, who is the dicktator of the feckless senate, and "his precious" the other dicktator (The Shapeshifters of Bullshitistan, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17).

The long and short of it is that the two dicktators of the Whut? House  and the Whut? Senate are reproducing their power illegitimately (The Virgin MOMCOM - 2).

The illigitimacy can spread all the way to yet another civilization (Western Civilization) if we refuse to acknowledge what history is whispering to us:
"In other words, a society does not ever die 'from natural causes', but always dies from suicide or murder --- and nearly always from the former, as this chapter has shown."
(A Study of History, supra). I am sure that the despotic minorities of those civilizations thought that they were the saviors ("destroying it in order to save it") as they do in our current civilization (MOMCOM's Mass Suicide & Murder Pact - 3).

Britain's Brexit and the USA's duh wall are merely symptoms of a much larger Agnotology problem.

IV. Conclusion

Remember that all of the history of those 26 civilizations was written in advance but not enough people heard the sounds, not enough people smelled the scent, and not enough people saw the approach of the coming history. (Why Doesn’t Donald Trump’s Cozy Relationship With Vladimir Putin Worry His Supporters? Jefferson Davis’s Treason Case Holds a Clue; Trump and Russia, Part 4).

It can happen here (The Greatest Source Of Power Toxins?).

The previous post in this series is here.



Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Countries With Sea Level Change

File:Rotating globe.gif
From Wikimedia Commons


I. Background

The news media are generally inadequate when it comes to global warming induced sea level change (SLC) reporting.

So, since somebody has to do it, today I present:
1) countries that are experiencing SLC;
2) a list of tide gauge stations in those countries;
3) links to PSMSL data for each station in each country;
4) graphs of the SLC of each country.

Since the amount of data is too much for one post, I have separated them into alphabetical posts with a matching appendix that contains the graphs of SLC for the countries listed.

II. Alphabetical Country Sections

Here are the links to sections of alphabetical lists of countries that have measured their coastal SLC changes over time:

Tide Gauge Data Appendices (Graphs)
Countries: A - C A - C
Countries: D - G D - G
Countries: H - L H  -L
Countries: M - O M - O
Countries: P - T P - T
Countries: U - Y U - Y

Each section contains an alphabetical list of countries along with a list of Tide Gauge Stations (stations) used to measure SLC at that location in that country.

The stations are linked to the PSMSL data concerning that station, along with maps to give you an idea of where on the globe the country is located, and where the measurements take place along that country's coastline.

III. Graphs of Each Country's SLC

In addition to that, each alphabetical list contains a link to graphs of the SLC in each featured country.

The graph values are mean averages of both sea level fall (SLF) and sea level rise (SLR), which are the two components of SLC.

Readers can click on the links to the station data if you want to know which stations have SLR and which stations have SLC.

Note that the graphs have two sets of values.

One is "RLR mm" which means RLR measurement change from year to year, which is explained by the PSMSL site (RLR Definition).

The other is "mm" which means amount of change in millimeters from one year to the next.

IV. Closing Comments

There is a myth that poor countries will be the most impacted by global warming induced SLC (USA had world's 3 costliest natural disasters in 2018, The 1% May Face The Wrath of Sea Level Rise First).

The reality presented in this series is that the richest countries are just as vulnerable, if not more so, than poor countries are.

All a country needs to do in order to qualify for the catastrophic prospects of SLC is to have a coastline that is tidal.

This includes countries that are inland from a coast but use tidal rivers for commerce through ports.

The next post in this series is here.

Countries A-C

Back to Main PostAppendix with Graphs

ALAND_ISLANDS, Stations: KOBBAKLINTAR 63; LEMSTROM 84; HELIGMAN 231; FOGLO / DEGERBY 249;

AMERICAN_SAMOA, Stations: PAGO PAGO 539;

ANTARCTICA, Stations: ALMIRANTE BROWN 858; ARGENTINE ISLANDS 913; BAHIA ESPERANZA 988; PUERTO SOBERANIA 1603; CAPE ROBERTS ANTARCTICA 1763; CASEY 1886; ROTHERA 1931; SCOTT BASE 2029;

ARGENTINA, Stations: BUENOS AIRES 157; COMODORO RIVADAVIA 181; PUERTO DESEADO 185; QUEQUEN 223; PUERTO MADRYN 501; MAR DEL PLATA (NAVAL BASE) 819; PALERMO 832; MAR DEL PLATA (PUERTO) 857; ISLA MARTIN GARCIA 864; PIRAMIDE 867; ROSALES 870; USHUAIA I 874; RIO SANTIAGO 897; USHUAIA II 1271; MAR DE AJO 1542;

AUSTRALIA, Stations: SYDNEY FORT DENISON 65; FREMANTLE 111; PORT HEDLAND 189; SYDNEY FORT DENISON 2 196; PORT PIRIE 216; PORT LINCOLN 230; NEWCASTLE III 267; BEACHPORT 304; YAMBA 310; BALLINA 319; NEWCASTLE I 320; PORT WALLAROO 383; THEVENARD 386; FRANKLIN HARBOR 402; SECOND VALLEY 443; PORT ADELAIDE (OUTER HARBOR) 448; STENHOUSE BAY 492; WHYALLA 493; KINGSTON 515; EDITHBURG 516; CAMP COVE 549; MACKAY 564; PORT AUGUSTA 574; AMERICAN RIVER 631; TOWNSVILLE I 637; BRIGHTON 677; BURNIE 683; COFF'S HARBOUR 799; LORD HOWE ISLAND 818; BRISBANE (WEST INNER BAR) 822; GLADSTONE 825; PORT KEMBLA 831; EDEN 833; BUNBURY 834; KARUMBA 835; NEWCASTLE V 837; HOBART 838; PORT MACDONNELL I 871; DARWIN 935; CAIRNS 953; ALBANY 957; GERALDTON 1031; STONY POINT 1033; VICTOR HARBOUR 1069; ESPERANCE 1114; CARNARVON 1115; WYNDHAM 1116; DEVONPORT 1118; BUNDABERG BURNETT HEADS 1154; WEIPA 1157; BROOME 1159; MILNER BAY (GROOTE EYLANDT) 1160; SPRING BAY 1216; EVANS HEAD 1229; HAY POINT 1246; BOOBY ISLAND 1268; INCE POINT 1300; CAPE LAMBERT 1328; NEWCASTLE II 1335; WHYALLA III 1367; GOODS ISLAND 1368; WALLAROO II 1420; PORT DOUGLAS 2 1471; CAPE FERGUSON 1492; MOOLOOLABA 2 1493; PORT STANVAC 1506; PORTLAND 1547; KING BAY 1549; PORT GILES 1550; SHUTE HARBOUR 2 1569; MOURILYAN HARBOUR 1629; LUCINDA 1630; ONSLOW 1631; GOLD COAST SEAWAY 2 1704; TURTLE HEAD 1749; ROSSLYN BAY 1760; HILLARYS 1761; EXMOUTH 1762; LORNE 1836; LOW HEAD 2071; PORT ALMA 2072; URANGAN II 2073; BOWEN II 2074; BRUNSWICK HEADS 2310; COFFS HARBOUR III 2311; JERVIS BAY II 2312; PORT MACQUARIE 2313; TWEED HEADS 2314; ULLADULLA HARBOUR 2315; PORT STEPHENS (TOMAREE) 2316; TWEED ENTRANCE SOUTH 2319; SHOAL BAY 2320;

BAHAMAS, Stations: SETTLEMENT POINT 1646; SETTLEMENT POINT A 1928;

BAHRAIN, Stations: MINA SULMAN 1494;

BANGLADESH, Stations: HIRON POINT 1451; KHEPUPARA 1454; COX'S BAZAAR 1476; CHARCHANGA 1496; CHITTAGONG A 2196;

BELGIUM, Stations: OOSTENDE 413; ZEEBRUGGE 470; NIEUWPOORT 489;

BERMUDA, Stations: ST. GEORGES / ESSO PIER (BERMUDA) 368; PAGET ISLAND 886;

BRAZIL, Stations: IMBITUBA 542; RECIFE 556; FORTALEZA 559; SALVADOR 578; RIO DE JANEIRO 579; BELEM 580; SALINOPOLIS 589; CANAVIEIRAS 699; CANANEIA 726; ILHA FISCAL 1032; MADEIRA 1736; SANTANA 1975;

BRITISH_INDIAN_OCEAN_TERRITORY, Stations: DIEGO GARCIA-C 1740; DIEGO GARCIA D 2190;

BULGARIA, Stations: BOURGAS 317; VARNA 318;

CANADA, Stations: HALIFAX 96; TROIS-RIVIERES 126; PORT-SAINT-FRANCOIS 137; POINTE-AU-PERE 138; BATISCAN 144; TOFINO 165; VICTORIA 166; PRINCE RUPERT 167; QUEBEC (LAUZON) 173; VANCOUVER 175; HARRINGTON HBR 176; NEUVILLE 192; POINT ATKINSON 193; SAINT JOHN N.B. 195; DESCHAILLONS 201; GRONDINES 387; PORT AUX BASQUES 392; ST. JOHN'S NFLD. 393; CHARLOTTETOWN 427; CHURCHILL 447; PORT ALBERNI 527; ALERT BAY 554; COMOX 630; FULFORD HARBOUR 688; QUEEN CHARLOTTE CITY 829; LANGARA POINT 840; PORT RENFREW 842; RESOLUTE 863; SOOKE 921; PORTNEUF 951; BELLA BELLA 984; ST-FRANCOIS 999; TUKTOYAKTUK 1000; CHAMPLAIN 1005; NAIN 1029; LARK HARBOUR 1044; PORT HARDY 1071; BELLA COOLA 1084; ALERT 1110; PICTOU 1121; CAMBRIDGE BAY 1132; POINT SAPIN 1138; GRINDSTONE 1143; PATRICIA BAY 1152; YARMOUTH 1158; STE-ANNE-DES-MONTS 1199; RIVIERE-AU-RENARD 1213; BAIE COMEAU 1218; TADOUSSAC 1219; ST-JEAN-PORT-JOLI 1223; DIGBY 1230; BAMFIELD 1242; ST-JOSEPH-DE-LA-RIVE 1244; NEW WESTMINSTER 1245; STEVESTON 1255; BOUTILIER POINT 1259; WEST ST. MODESTE 1278; SAVAGE COVE 1280; CAPE PARRY 1282; RIVIERE-DU-LOUP 1284; NORTH SYDNEY 1299; POINTE-DU-CHENE 1309; ARGENTIA 1321; SEPT-ILES 1322; CAMPBELL RIVER 1323; SHEDIAC BAY 1326; RUSTICO 1330; POINT TUPPER 1332; TSAWWASSEN 1341; LOWER ESCUMINAC 1349; DALHOUSIE 1358; PORT-ALFRED 1392; RIMOUSKI 1597; BECANCOUR 1798; WINTER HARBOUR 1799; LITTLE CORNWALLIS ISLAND 1822; NANOOSE BAY 1825; ULUKHAKTOK (FORMERLY HOLMAN ) 1930; QIKIQTARJUAQ 1935; CAP AUX MEULES 2031; BELLEDUNE 2069; BONAVISTA 2135; BEDFORD INSTITUTE 2352; VIEUX QUEBEC 2353; ST LAWRENCE 2354;

CAPE_VERDE, Stations: PORTO GRANDE (ST. VINCENT) 2 1769; PALMEIRA 1914;

CAYMAN_ISLANDS, Stations: NORTH SOUND 1422; SOUTH SOUND 1426;

CHILE, Stations: PUNTA ARENAS 473; VALPARAISO 499; ANTOFAGASTA 2 510; ANTOFAGASTA 511; TALCAHUANO 571; ARICA 618; CALDERA 619; CALETA PERCY 994; CORRAL 1057; PUERTO WILLIAMS 1122; EASTER ISLAND-E 1272; EASTER ISLAND-D 1462; JUAN FERNANDEZ-C 1644; SAN FELIX 1751; DIEGO RAMIREZ 1785; IQUIQUE 1963; IQUIQUE II 2261; CORRAL II 2262; PUNTA ARENAS II 2263; ANCUD 2264; MELINKA 2265;

CHINA, Stations: QINHUANGDAO 614; DALIAN 723; XIAMEN 727; YANTAI 731; ZHAPO 933; KANMEN 934; LUSI 979; TANGGU 1403; SHIJIUSUO 1404; LIANYUNGANG 1405; SHANWEI 1406; DONGFANG 1407; BEIHAI 1408; HAIKOU 1428; LAOHUTAN 1513; NAN SHA 1730; XI SHA 1745;

COCOS_KEELING_ISLANDS, Stations: COCOS ISLAND (HOME IS.) 983;

COLOMBIA, Stations: BUENAVENTURA 456; CARTAGENA 572; TUMACO 639; RIOHACHA 714;

CONGO, Stations: POINTE NOIRE 938;

COOK_ISLANDS, Stations: PENRHYN 1450; RAROTONGA B 1843;

COSTA_RICA, Stations: PUNTARENAS 464; PUERTO LIMON 552; QUEPOS 844; QUEPOS B 2189;

COTE_D_IVOIRE, Stations: ABIDJAN 1313;

CROATIA, Stations: SPLIT - GRADSKA LUKA 352; BAKAR 353; SPLIT RT MARJANA 685; DUBROVNIK 760; ROVINJ 761; VIS-CESKA VILA 1574; GAZENICA 1577; ZLARIN 1578; SUCURAJ 1706; UBLI 1718; ZADAR 1859; PLOCE 1945;

CUBA, Stations: GUANTANAMO BAY 418; GIBARA 563; CABO DE SAN ANTONIO 1297; ISABELA DE SAGUA 1909; CABO CRUZ 1910; MANZANILLO 1934; CASILDA II 2021; MARIEL BOCA 2286; SANTIAGO DE CUBA 2287; NUEVITAS PUNTA PRACTICO 2288; CAYO LOCO 2289;

CYPRUS, Stations: FAMAGUSTA 436; GIRNE 1911;

Countries D-G

Back to Main PostAppendix with Graphs

DENMARK, Stations: AARHUS 76; ESBJERG 80; FREDERICIA 81; KOBENHAVN 82; HIRTSHALS 89; FREDERIKSHAVN 91; SLIPSHAVN 98; KORSOR 113; HORNBAEK 119; GEDSER 120; MOMMARK 271; HANSTHOLM 703; RODBYHAVN 762; FYNSHAV 1197; TEJN 1812;

DOMINICAN_REPUBLIC, Stations: PUERTO PLATA 577; BARAHONA 745;

ECUADOR, Stations: LA LIBERTAD II 544; LA LIBERTAD 555; SAN CRISTOBAL 927; PUERTO BOLIVAR 1277; BALTRA-B 1645;

EGYPT, Stations: PORT SAID 253; ALEXANDRIA 503;

EL_SALVADOR, Stations: LA UNION 558; ACAJUTLA 1011; ACAJUTLA 2 1302;

ESTONIA, Stations: TALLINN 321; VILSANDI 322;

FALKLAND_ISLANDS_MALVINAS, Stations: STANLEY 1082; STANLEY II 1796;

FAROE_ISLANDS, Stations: TORSHAVN 839;

FIJI, Stations: SUVA-A 1327; LAUTOKA 1805;

FINLAND, Stations: HELSINKI 14; LYOKKI 16; LYPYRTTI 17; JUNGFRUSUND 18; UTO 27; RUSSARO 28; SODERSKAR 29; RONNSKAR 30; VAASA / VASA 57; HANKO / HANGO 71; OULU / ULEABORG 79; REPOSAARI 85; YKSPIHLAJA 86; SKURU 142; KOTKA 164; MANTYLUOTO 172; PIETARSAARI / JAKOBSTAD 194; SAPPI 226; SALGRUND 228; KEMI 229; LOHM 233; TVARMINNE 238; TURKU / ABO 239; RAAHE / BRAHESTAD 240; KASKINEN / KASKO 285; HAMINA 315; RAUMA / RAUMO 376; PORVOO EMASALO 2269;

FRANCE, Stations: BREST 1; MARSEILLE 61; LE HAVRE 453; ST. MALO 454; CALAIS 455; ST. NAZAIRE 457; LE VERDON 459; LA ROCHELLE-LA PALLICE 466; CHERBOURG 467; DUNKERQUE 468; ST JEAN DE LUZ (SOCOA) 469; BOULOGNE 471; DIEPPE 474; SETE 958; TOULON 980; POINTE ST. GILDAS 1078; PORT TUDY 1247; LE CONQUET 1294; CONCARNEAU 1301; ROSCOFF 1347; ANTIFER 1383; NICE 1468; PORT VENDRES 1469; LES SABLES D OLONNE 1747; BOUCAU 1801; PORT BLOC 1915; ARCACHON-EYRAC 1918; LE CROUESTY 1921; AJACCIO 1929; ILE D'AIX 2236;

FRENCH_GUIANA, Stations: ILE ROYALE 2012;

FRENCH_POLYNESIA, Stations: RIKITEA 1253; PAPEETE-B FARE UTE POINT SOC.IS. 1397; NUKU HIVA 1555; RANGIROA 2216; TUBUAI 2217; VAIRAO 2242;

FRENCH_SOUTHERN_TERRITORIES, Stations: KERGUELEN 1849;

GEORGIA, Stations: POTI 41; BATUMI 51;

GERMANY, Stations: CUXHAVEN 2 7; WISMAR 2 8; WARNEMUNDE 2 11; TRAVEMUNDE 13; SASSNITZ 397; KIEL-HOLTENAU 789; AMRUM (WITTDUEN) 1036; BORKUM (FISCHERBALJE) 1037; KOSEROW 1448;

GHANA, Stations: TAKORADI 331; TEMA 1049;

GIBRALTAR, Stations: GIBRALTAR 981;

GREECE, Stations: THESSALONIKI 373; PIRAIEVS 374; KAVALLA 375; KHIOS 408; POSIDHONIA 409; PREVEZA 410; KALAMAI 411; IRAKLION 634; SOUDHAS 1232; LEROS 1233; SIROS 1234; KHALKIS NORTH 1237; ALEXANDROUPOLIS 1238; LEVKAS 1239; KATAKOLON 1240; RHODOS 1243; PATRAI 1250; KHALKIS SOUTH 1441; NORTH SALAMINOS 1604; RAFINA 1695; SKOPELOS 1907; CORFU ( KERKYRA ) 1933; NORTH SALAMINOS II 1938; SAMOS ISLAND - VATHI 1941; SOUDHAS II 2067; IRAKLION II 2165; RHODOS II 2167;

GRENADA, Stations: PRICKLEY BAY GRENADA 2272;

GUADELOUPE, Stations: POINTE-A-PITRE 1784;

GUAM, Stations: APRA HARBOR 540; PAGO BAY GUAM 2130;

GUATEMALA, Stations: SAN JOSE II 777; SAN JOSE 973; SANTO TOMAS DE CASTILLA 1080; CHAMPERICO 1201;

Countries H-L

Back to Main PostAppendix with Graphs

HAITI, Stations: PORT AU PRINCE 583;

HONDURAS, Stations: PUERTO CORTES 557; PUERTO CASTILLA 779;

HONG_KONG, Stations: NORTH POINT 333; CHI MA WAN LANTAU ISLAND 987; TAI PO KAU TOLO HARBOUR 1034; TSIM BEI TSUI 1366; QUARRY BAY 1674; LOK ON PAI 1685; WAGLAN ISLAND 1698; TAI MIU WAN 1891; SHEK PIK 1902;

ICELAND, Stations: REYKJAVIK 638; GRINDAVIK 877;

INDIA, Stations: MUMBAI / BOMBAY (APOLLO BANDAR) 43; KIDDERPORE 48; DUBLAT (SAUGOR IS.) 49; CHENNAI 205; PORT BLAIR 206; BOMBAY (PRINCES DOCK) 212; GARDEN REACH 369; VISAKHAPATNAM 414; SAUGOR/SAGAR 417; BHAUNAGAR I 420; COCHIN (WILLINGDON IS.) 438; DIAMOND HARBOUR 543; KANDLA 596; MANGALORE 696; VERAVAL 770; BHAUNAGAR II 804; TRIBENI 1002; TUTICORIN 1072; PARADIP 1161; MORMUGAO 1249; TANGACHCHIMADAM 1258; HALDIA 1270; KARWAR 1273; NAGAPATTINAM 1308; GANGRA 1369; OKHA 1395; MANGALORE (PANAMBURU) 1423; VADINAR 1943;

INDONESIA, Stations: BITUNG II 1709; SIBOLGA II 1752; PADANG B 2193; SABANG 2195; PRIGI 2197; CILACAP B 2199; BENOA B 2200; SAUMLAKI 2274;

IRAN_ISLAMIC_REPUBLIC_OF, Stations: CHABAHAR II 2228;

IRELAND, Stations: DUBLIN 432; MALIN HEAD 916;

ISLE_OF_MAN, Stations: DOUGLAS 435; PORT ERIN 1793;

ISRAEL, Stations: HADERA 1797; TEL AVIV 1880; TEL AVIV - YAFO 2147; EILAT NORTH 2148; EILAT SOUTH 2149; AKKO 2218; ASHDOD II 2219; ASHKLON 2220; HAIFA II 2221;

ITALY, Stations: VENEZIA (S.STEFANO) 39; GENOVA 59; VENEZIA (ARSENALE) 87; PORTO CORSINI 100; ANCONA 101; CATANIA 102; TARANTO 103; CAGLIARI 104; NAPOLI (MANDRACCIO) 105; CIVITAVECCHIA 106; PALERMO 107; PORTO MAURIZIO 108; LA MADDALENA 109; NAPOLI (ARSENALE) 129; TRIESTE 154; VENEZIA (PUNTA DELLA SALUTE) 168; REGGIO CALABRIA 670; CAPO PASSERO 873; ORTONA 972; OTRANTO 990; MANFREDONIA 1262; BARI 2075; CARLOFORTE 2076; IMPERIA 2078; LAMPEDUSA 2079; LIVORNO II 2080; PALINURO 2082; PORTO EMPEDOCLE SICILY 2083; PORTO TORRES 2084; SALERNO 2086; VIESTE 2087; CAGLIARI II 2089; GENOVA II 2090; NAPOLI II 2092; PALERMO II 2093; CATANIA II 2094; TARANTO II 2095; OTRANTO II 2096; ORTONA II 2097; ANCONA II 2098; TRIESTE II 2099; VENEZIA II 2100; REGGIO CALABRIA II 2142; PORTO GARIBALDI 2144;

JAMAICA, Stations: PORT ROYAL 744;

JAPAN, Stations: TONOURA 94; IWASAKI 121; ABURATSUBO 130; AYUKAWA 131; WAJIMA 132; HOSOJIMA 133; KUSHIMOTO 134; HANASAKI 139; OSHORO I 159; MERA 359; UCHIURA 407; HACHINOHE I 460; UWAJIMA I 461; MIYAKO I 463; KUSHIRO 518; TOBA 627; ONAHAMA 635; IZUHARA 661; MAIZURU I 663; TOKUYAMA I 669; HAKODATE II 671; SASEBO I 672; TUKIZI 673; ONAGAWA 674; OMINATO 679; KAINAN 701; ASAMUSHI 721; YOKOSUKA 722; KURE II 749; NEZUGASEKI 752; KASHIWAZAKI 753; MONBETU I 772; SHIMONOSEKI II 783; SHIMIZU-MINATO 808; KOMATSUSHIMA 809; MISUMI 810; SAKAI 811; UNO 812; HAKODATE I 813; ABURATSU 814; TOSA SHIMIZU 815; WAKAYAMA 816; TAN-NOWA 817; SHIMONOSEKI I 845; KOBE 846; TAKAMATSU 847; NAGOYA 860; KAGOSHIMA I 868; URAKAWA I 869; MIYAZU 872; ITO I 876; CHOSHI I 879; MATSUYAMA I 880; TOKYO I 881; NASE I 887; MOZI 912; SIBAURA 952; NASE II 1018; KURE III 1023; ONISAKI 1026; OSHORO II 1027; HIROSIMA 1028; MIYAKE SIMA 1060; KOZU SIMA 1061; MATSUYAMA II 1062; MINAMI IZU 1064; MAISAKA 1089; URAGAMI 1090; OKADA 1091; AWA SIMA 1093; HAKATA 1094; SAIGO 1095; NISINOOMOTE 1096; ODOMARI 1097; SUMOTO 1098; OSAKA 1099; NAGASAKI 1100; FUKUE 1101; OURA 1102; WAKKANAI 1103; ABASHIRI 1104; NAKANO SIMA 1105; OFUNATO I 1140; MAKURAZAKI I 1142; OWASE 1146; SASEBO II 1147; TAJIRI 1148; MIYAKO II 1149; SHIRAHAMA 1150; NAHA 1151; KOCHI II 1184; MIKUNI 1190; KATSUURA 1191; MURORAN 1194; KURE IV 1209; TOKUYAMA II 1210; UWAJIMA II 1212; TOKYO II 1222; OMAEZAKI II 1263; OGA 1264; AKUNE 1265; HACHINOHE II 1266; OITA II 1293; URAKAWA II 1296; HAGI 1306; KARIYA 1318; KURE I 1320; ITO II 1343; OGI 1344; SOMA 1345; KAMAISI II 1346; OFUNATO II 1364; KUCHINOTSU 1386; MAIZURU II 1387; OKINAWA 1388; TOYAMA 1389; MUROTOMISAKI 1390; CHICHIJIMA 1391; ISHIGAKI 1411; TAGO 1437; YAIZU 1438; KAMINATO II (HATIZYO SIMA) 1440; HANASAKI II 1442; MONBETU II 1470; NAGOYA II 1488; NASE III 1522; MAIZURU III 1523; CHOSHI-GYOKO 1544; TOKYO III 1545; KOCHI III 1567; HAMADA II 1585; IZUHARA II 1586; TAPPI 1587; YOSIOKA 1596; ESASHI 1605; ISHIGAKI II 1671; TAKAMATSU II 1789; KOBE II 1790; SHIMONOSEKI III 1830;

JERSEY, Stations: ST HELIER (JERSEY) 2 1795;

KENYA, Stations: MOMBASA II 2183; LAMU B 2198;

KIRIBATI, Stations: KANTON ISLAND 575; CHRISTMAS ISLAND 801; KANTON ISLAND-B 1329; FANNING-B 1361; CHRISTMAS ISLAND II 1371; TARAWA-ABETIO 1381; TARAWA-BBAIRIKI 1579; TARAWA-CBETIO 1739; BETIO 1804;

KOREA_DEMOCRATIC_PEOPLE_S_REPUBLIC_OF, Stations: WONSAN 1007;

KOREA_REPUBLIC_OF, Stations: MOKPO 954; BUSAN 955; INCHEON 956; KUNSAN 959; CHINHAE 970; ULSAN 997; JEJU 1066; MUKHO 1108; YEOSU 1155; POHANG 1324; SOKCHO 1365; GADEOKDO 1445; TONGYEONG 1446; HEUKSANDO 1489; ULLEUNG 1490; GUNSAN (OUTER PORT) 1527; GEOMUNDO 1546; WANDO 1568; CHUJADO 1588; SEOGWIPO 1627; WIDO 1628; BORYEONG 1675; ANHEUNG 1699;

LATVIA, Stations: LIEPAJA 26; DAUGAVGRIVA 37;

LITHUANIA, Stations: KLAIPEDA 118;