Friday, February 5, 2021

Will Elections Cure The Disease? - 5

"Just have an election"
About a decade ago the question presented in the title of this post was set forth here on Dredd Blog (Will Elections Cure The Disease?, 2, 3, 4).

This series assumes, for the purpose of discussion, that civilizations can become sick.

I am not referring to a pandemic composed of physical conditions that render the populace physically sick, such as Covid-19. 

Instead, I am referring to psychological sickness such as denial, depression, mania, and psychosis that isn't physically apparent (in the pandemic sense).

It's a mental realm type of discussion.

A historian who was at one time the most often quoted historian, alluded to this type of sickness:

"In other words, a society does not ever die 'from natural causes', but always dies from suicide or murder --- and nearly always from the former, as this chapter has shown."

(A Study of History, by Arnold J. Toynbee). Mass psychosis is involved when a large group either kills itself, or kills another group.

Toynbee's study covered about 26 prior civilizations, but the disease did not end way back then:

The Act of Killing focuses on Anwar Congo, one of the self-proclaimed "gangsters" who executed over a million suspected Communists and ethnic Chinese in Indonesia during the bloodbath of 1965-66. Congo, much like his fellow executioners that he remains friends with, has yet to face prosecution for the war crimes he committed as a younger man and lives as a national hero.

Congo is a man who appears to live in an eternal cinematic fantasy. He's always dressed sharp—inspired by his Hollywood heroes John Wayne, Marlon Brando, and Elvis Presley. What exactly inspired him to murder a thousand people is never quite explained. The only slight ever mentioned that he takes from the communists was their desire to block screenings of his beloved American films. Tapping into this love of cinema, Oppenheimer offers him the opportunity to tell his story by making a dramatic film in which he's the star of his own story.

This does not end up being The Act of Killing itself, but a meta film-within-a-film that allows Congo to tell his own story as he chooses to see it, guts and all. He casts his own friends, adds a romantic subplot where one of his friends dresses in drag, and even has musical finale at the foot of a waterfall where his own victims thank him for murdering [them]. But despite all of these flourishes, he manages to stay true to the story in the recreation of his preferred method of execution.

Demonstrating to Oppenheimer's documentary crew how he strangles his victims with wire, he boasts that he learned it from American gangster films.

(Hypothesis: The Cultural Amygdala - 2). It's a group thing eh?

Another famous "old timer", who is called the "father of psychoanalysis", was on to this phenomenon:

"If the evolution of civilization has such a far reaching similarity with the development of an individual, and if the same methods are employed in both, would not the diagnosis be justified that many systems of civilization——or epochs of it——possibly even the whole of humanity——have become neurotic under the pressure of the civilizing trends? To analytic dissection of these neuroses, therapeutic recommendations might follow which could claim a great practical interest. I would not say that such an attempt to apply psychoanalysis to civilized society would be fanciful or doomed to fruitlessness. But it behooves us to be very careful, not to forget that after all we are dealing only with analogies, and that it is dangerous, not only with men but also with concepts, to drag them out of the region where they originated and have matured. The diagnosis of collective neuroses, moreover, will be confronted by a special difficulty. In the neurosis of an individual we can use as a starting point the contrast presented to us between the patient and his environment which we assume to be normal. No such background as this would be available for any society similarly affected; it would have to be supplied in some other way. And with regard to any therapeutic application of our knowledge, what would be the use of the most acute analysis of social neuroses, since no one possesses power to compel the community to adopt the therapy? In spite of all these difficulties, we may expect that one day someone will venture upon this research into the pathology of civilized communities. [p. 39]"
"Men have brought their powers of subduing the forces of nature
to such a pitch that by using them they could now very easily exterminate one another to the last man. They know this——hence arises a great part of their current unrest, their dejection, their mood of apprehension. [p. 40]"

(Civilization and Its Discontents, Sigmund Freud, 1929, emphasis added). The gist of it is that "group psychology" of the type we have developed nowadays is not what Freud had in mind.

Our "treatment" or therapy is to have an election (Etiology of Social Dementia - 18). But our forefathers knew that even the realm of psychology was not the only source of knowledge that is instructive, that offers an answer:

An answer from the sages in our past who we are very fortunate to have had, but sages which we have ignored to our great demise in recent times.

An answer that seems today to be totally and completely at odds with the conventional wisdom-hype and propaganda, which is composed of the glorification of the greatest source of the toxins of power.

Our founders were well aware of the question and the answer hundreds of years ago.

They spoke the answer with unmistakable words and with certain clarity:

Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied: and all the means of seducing the minds, are added to those of subduing the force, of the people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes, and the opportunities of fraud, growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals, engendered by both. No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. Those truths are well established.
(James Madison, emphasis added). The visionary who made that statement was the 4th President of the United States, Bill of Rights author, Congressman, Cabinet Member, and who was also called the "Father of the U.S. Constitution".

The above quote is from his "Political Observations," April 20, 1795, in Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, Volume IV, page 491-492.

Notice, in the quote above, how Madison equated or associated the toxins of power with disease epidemic concepts, saying that the war toxin "develops the germ of every other" anti-freedom toxin.

(The Greatest Source Of Power Toxins?).

(Extinction: Peace). Groups don't like to take their history medicine.

The previous post in this series is here.

Perhaps some clues (cultures hallucinating conflicting realities?) are presented in the following video:

Monday, February 1, 2021

Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Fig. 1 Antarctica Sectors & Zones

I. Background

This series details the textbook changes in our understanding of the "land down under the land down under".

It was the land that never changed, the land out of sight, and the land out of mind.

 Not much was known about it, except that it never changed in a million years because it was way down near, or at, the edge of the flat Earth where one could fall off the edge, never to see the light of day again (that was Antarctica 1.0).

 II. Nowadays

Nowadays, Antarctica is not only the largest desert on Earth, it is one of the most studied places on earth, one of the most consequential places on Earth, and perhaps even the greatest threat to modern civilization (Antarctica 2.0, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 [& supplements A, B, C, D, E, F], 7, 8, 9, 10).

Territory of Plumes
It is still controversial for a few scientists who do not know that it is the location of "The Ghost Plumes", which are surreptitiously, as it were, raising sea levels right under their noses (The Ghost Plumes, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14; The Ghost Photons, 2, 3).

To those scientists it is still Antarctica 1.0, a place which grows in terms of its number of gigatons of ice, because they think that the annual precipitation increases the ice mass there (They do not consider that the Sahara Desert receives more annual precipitation per square mile than Antarctica, the greatest desert on Earth, receives).

III. Today's Focus

Today we get back to the "Grounding Line", a place that is what we should focus on and pay special attention to, according to Dr. Rignot (see the video below if you haven't already).

In compliance with his urging, I have isolated the focus into six "areas" or "sectors" of the tidewater glacier coastline, where the grounding lines tend to be (Fig. 1). 

The grounding line is constantly changing, more in some areas/sectors than others, as today's appendices point out.

A lot of the WOD zones (Fig. 1) along the grounding line have not yet been measured in situ by researchers with CTD drones or otherwise, so the grounding line conditions in such zones are not featured in today's presentation. 

Thus, as it turns out, today's presentation likely contains understatements in terms of the potential sea level impact that tidewater glacier melt at the grounding lines is having.

Today, however, I am not going to speculate on how much more sea level rise would ensue if we knew the in situ values of the WOD zones in those, at this time, missing values.

So, on with the show:

Antarctica SectorAppendix
Indian Ocean A
Western Pacific
Ross Sea C
Amundsen Sea D
Weddell Sea F
All Sectors


IV. What To Focus On

While reading the appendices, keep in mind the focus of the formulas being applied to the in situ measurements.

That focus is on the melting ice at the grounding line, which is ice that is land based.

That means the melt water from that grounding line ice has an SLE (sea level equivalent) factor unlike the floating ice shelf beyond the grounding line (i.e ice that is floating in the tidewater).

The ice shelf beyond the grounding line has already displaced sea water, which impacts the sea level, however the ice sitting on land at the grounding line does not have an impact on sea level until it melts.

Another factor is acceleration via "buoyancy", in that, there is an additional upward acceleration of the plume melt water flow in addition to the buoyancy flow caused by the density difference between the fresh-water plume and the ambient seawater (sea water is more dense than they fresh-water plume).

That additional upward acceleration factor is caused by the impact of the seawater as it flows into the volume gap caused when the ice becomes water (ice takes up more space than fresh water does, so, a small void is created when melt takes place).

And finally for today, note that the values in those appendices listed above (in section III) are based on a one meter (1m) melt face (i.e a 1m plume height).

That tiny 1m of melt action, creating an upward flowing plume, totals (adds up) to a "4.26196 mm yr" SLE.

 That is, it would cause 4.26 mm of mean sea level rise (see Appendix Combo).

That 4.26 mm yr figure is more than the actual mean average sea level rise (which is ~3.5 mm yr).

Thus, we know that less than 1m of melt takes place along the 46,387 (km) grounding line length being focused on ... which means ... drum roll ... that a lot of melt potential is there at the grounding line (ibid).

Some of the glaciers have many, many meters of ice there waiting to melt into plumes.

V. Closing Comments

Here are some graphs showing the difference between plume density and ambient seawater density (Graphs).

The plume density is less than the seawater density, so the plume water is forced upward.

The previous post in this series is here.

Sunday, January 31, 2021

Appendix Graphs

 This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Appendix A

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Indian Ocean (Area A)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
3603 -0.0595116 34.4634 1193.9410.436143948,0624.28536
3604 -0.142433 34.4159 1173.9410.4361741,070,3504.28574
3605 0.252844 34.5078 1180.8410.4361321,235,9504.28483
3606 0.149844 34.3369 1101.6610.436231,090,3204.28573
3607 -0.0208161 34.6088 992.17610.436288930,7014.2863
3608 0.0510499 34.6276 968.12110.436299650,1464.28623
3702 -0.730684 31.2848 516.97910.43737809,2444.29823
3703 -0.652832 34.6558 448.26210.436905422,4754.29433
3706 -0.391621 34.6726 376.87510.436971998,5594.29489
3707 -0.651441 34.6543 352.93810.436993439,0004.29505

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 21

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 10

Area average CT: -0.21956 (deg C)

Area average SA: 34.2228 (g/kg)

Area average P: 830.573 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 8,594,807 (m)

Years with in situ data: 305

Area Pf: 42.8967 m3 hr (376,032.38 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 1.03922 mm yr

Appendix B

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Western Pacific Ocean (Area B)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
3609 -0.233791 34.624 1017.1610.436243771,646.004.28559
3610 0.0230359 34.2292 1006.8210.436316761,075.004.28616
3611 0.336813 34.4111 996.50510.436311,325,740.004.28631
3612 0.364473 34.3744 1136.5910.436186846,227.004.28515
3613 0.525812 34.4827 1138.3110.436164707,331.004.28483
3614 0.399207 34.4957 1022.5310.43628969,389.004.28616
3615 0.536105 34.2633 1008.0610.436338922,960.004.28681
3715 -0.496713 34.6673 493.45210.4368686,275.004.29388

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 21

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 8

Area average CT: 0.181868 (deg C)

Area average SA: 34.4435 (g/kg)

Area average P: 977.429 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 6,390,643 (m)

Years with in situ data: 349

Area Pf: 34.2949 m3 hr (300,629.02 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 0.830832 mm yr

Appendix C

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Ross Sea (Area C)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
3616 0.4531 34.5327 1036.710.43626761,040.004.28617
3716 -1.12339 34.2238 686.85210.4367654,323,960.004.29359
3717 -0.356109 34.2342 885.29610.436562237,006.004.29123
5713 -0.442166 32.8428 716.40910.436961483,060.004.29511
5714 0.0192703 33.8796 914.3110.4365971,761,140.004.29147
5715 -0.158314 33.9987 1026.4210.4364991,119,340.004.29118
5816 -2.03688 34.7012 43010.436965896,480.004.29633

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 21

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 7

Area average CT: -0.520642 (deg C)

Area average SA: 34.059 (g/kg)

Area average P: 813.712 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 8,882,026 (m)

Years with in situ data: 212

Area Pf: 30.0451 m3 hr (263,375.25 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 0.727876 mm yr

Appendix All

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Antarctica Summary:

Zone count: 108

Zones with ...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 41

Antarctica average CT: -0.396065 (deg C)

Antarctica average SA: 33.3959 (g/kg)

Anatarctica average P: 758.225 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 46,387 (km)

Years with in situ data: 1,243

Antarctica Pf: 175.924 m3 hr (1,542,152.13 m3 yr)
Antarctica SLE @1m Ph: 4.26196 mm yr

From Wikipedia

This map uses an orthographic projection, near-polar aspect. The South Pole is near the center, where longitudinal lines converge.
Area14,200,000 km²[1] 5,500,000 sq mi
Population1,000 to 5,000 (seasonal)
Population density<0.01 per km²
<0.01 per sq mi
Largest cities
UN M49 code010 – Antarctica

Antarctica (/ænˈtɑːrktɪkə/ or /æntˈɑːrtɪkə/ (About this soundlisten))[note 1] is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,200,000 square kilometres (5,500,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent and nearly twice the size of Australia. At 0.00008 people per square kilometre, it is by far the least densely populated continent. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft) in thickness,[5] which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents.[6] Most of Antarctica is a polar desert, with annual precipitation of 200 mm (7.9 in) along the coast and far less inland; there has been no rain there for almost 2 million years, yet 80% of the world freshwater reserves are stored there, enough to raise global sea levels by about 60 metres (200 ft) if all of it were to melt.[7] The temperature in Antarctica has reached −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) (or even −94.7 °C (−135.8 °F) as measured from space[8]), though the average for the third quarter (the coldest part of the year) is −63 °C (−81 °F). Organisms native to Antarctica include many types of algae, bacteria, fungi, plants, protista, and certain animals, such as mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades. Vegetation, where it occurs, is tundra.

Appendix D

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Amundsen Sea (Area D)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
5709 0.167217 32.6874 753.4410.436932889,963.004.29434
5710 0.092507 33.7406 957.30910.4365691,349,620.004.29097
5711 -0.029314 34.5554 715.09110.436651,163,710.004.2915
5712 0.0997143 33.9501 719.6810.436754411,150.004.2926

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 12

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 4

Area average CT: 0.0825311 (deg C)

Area average SA: 33.7334 (g/kg)

Area average P: 786.38 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 3,814,443 (m)

Years with in situ data: 61

Area Pf: 17.1694 m3 hr (150,507.03 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 0.415948 mm yr

Appendix E

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Bellingshausen Sea (Area E)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
5606 0.703015 34.0816 1174.1210.4361975,020,760.004.28506
5706 -1.1374 32.8999 338.60410.4373123,223,570.004.29847
5707 -0.129948 33.9068 291.42910.4371572,369,980.004.29608
5708 -0.151795 33.3397 549.60410.4370061,966,700.004.29483

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 9

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 4

Area average CT: -0.179033 (deg C)

Area average SA: 33.557 (g/kg)

Area average P: 588.44 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 12,581,010 (m)

Years with in situ data: 96

Area Pf: 17.1744 m3 hr (150,551.13 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 0.41607 mm yr

Appendix F

This is an appendix to: Antarctica 2.0 - 11

Weddell Sea (Area F)

Plume Formulas
Pf = plume flow (m3 hr)
Ph = plume segment height (m)
Pw = Zone grounding line length (m)
Pc = plume flow coefficient (m3)
Zone CT SA PPh (m)Pc (m3)Pw (m)Pf (m3 hr)
3700 -0.852894 32.3843 450.33110.437252714,801.004.29715
3701 -0.681377 29.846 630.97710.437503858,463.004.29962
5605 0.0331673 34.417 1234.1110.436066789,264.004.28364
5700 -0.695217 33.4378 629.05310.43691,012,350.004.29372
5701 -0.50691 34.3807 1073.8110.4363441,325,770.004.28887
5702 -0.566217 33.6302 1023.210.436536833,240.004.29112
5703 -1.02908 34.3289 849.59510.436594573,334.004.29197
5705 -0.947954 31.8224 596.28410.43723617,640.004.29767

Area Summary:

Zones in area: 24

Zones with...
... 1) a grounding line (Pw), and
... 2) in situ data: 8

Area average CT: -0.655811 (deg C)

Area average SA: 33.0309 (g/kg)

Area average P: 810.92 (dbar)

Combined Zone Pw: 6,124,862 (m)

Years with in situ data: 220

Area Pf: 34.3438 m3 hr (301,057.32 m3 yr)
Area SLE @1m Ph: 0.832016 mm yr