|Fig. 1 WOD Layers|
I. World Ocean Database (WOD)
The graphic at Fig. 1 lists 18 latitude oriented layers, numbered from zero ('0') to seventeen ('17').
Each layer is composed of 36 WOD zones (WOD Zones).
II. WOD Data Scope
In the previous post of this series, in order to produce graphs, I considered and used in situ data from all of the 18 WOD Layers (The Photon Current).
In today's post we will limit the scope to focus generally on WOD layers related to Antarctica and the Antarctic current (The Antarctic CP Current, ACC).
That limited scope involves only WOD layers 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17.
III. Subject Matter Scope
What I intend to do is show graphs that impact the general thermocline theory as I did in
|Fig. 2 ACC (yellow), warmer water (red)|
"For example in the graph at Fig. 2b since circa 1950 the Hadopelagic (deepest) ocean depth level has had more OHC than the shallower depth level above it (the Abyssopelagic). Thermocline theory is at odds with that (Fig. 5)."(The Photon Current). I want to show that the Antarctic is being impacted in the same manner as the entire world ocean is, so, I will limit today's graphs to the WOD layers related to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) which I have shown with some color enhancements (Fig. 2).
That Fig. 2 map is a modified ocean current map taken from "Fig. 4.6.1" in "The ACC System", 2001 (hereinafter "TACCS 2001").
More about that in Section V. below.
IV. The Graphs
|Fig. 3 CT @ Pelagic Depths|
|Fig. 4 Things Have Changed|
|Fig. 5 Ocean Heat Content (OHC)|
Like the world oceans, the deepest depths in the WOD layers around Antarctica where the ACC flows, have more Ocean Heat Content (OHC) per kilogram of seawater (in the form of infrared photons) in the Hadopelagic depth layer than the Abyssopelagic layer above it.
That is, the Hadopelagic (deepest) ocean depth level has, for years, had more OHC per kilogram of seawater than the shallower Abyssopelagic depth level above it, which is at odds with general thermocline theory.
The graph at Fig. 4 even shows a case (circa 2000 when TACCS 2001 was being written) where the Hadopelagic depth level had more OHC per kg than all the other depth levels up to and including the Epipelagic.
This Southern Ocean today is not our grandmother's and grandfather's Southern Ocean.
Note to The Warming Commentariat (The Warming Science Commentariat, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13) concerning OHC and OHF: stay out of the textbooks, read only emerging science in peer reviewed papers written by scientists who are "Woke."
Things have changed.
V. What Has Changed
Probably the most important issue in TACCS 2001 is the concept of "teleconnections" between or among the ACC and other ocean basins:
"The absence of land barriers in the latitude band of Drake Passage has a profound influence on the dynamics of currents in the Southern Ocean and, more generally, on the earth’s climate. Within this band, the strong eastward flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) connects each of the ocean basins" (The interbasin connection, 4.6.1, p.1 PDF).(TACCS 2001, emphasis added). But, lacking any discussion of infrared photons the writers go on to make a predictable mistake:
"The vigorous interbasin exchange accomplished by the ACC also admits the possibility of oceanic teleconnections" (ibid).
"The ACC is of interest in part because it allows communication between the ocean basins" (22.214.171.124, p.9 PDF).
"The fact that no net meridional geostrophic flow can exist across the unblocked latitudes isolates the Antarctic continent from the warmer waters at lower latitudes to some extent, contributing to the glacial climate of Antarctica; what heat does get carried poleward to balance the heat lost to the atmosphere must be carried by eddies" (126.96.36.199, p.9 PDF).(TACCS 2001, emphasis added). Not exactly.
We now know what they did not know back then (The Ghost Photons).
One thing we know is that "Potential Temperature" ( Θ ) was used to produce data shown at "Fig. 4.6.3 (a)" in their paper.
That was a mistake, but potential temperature is still being used in OHC calculations almost two decades later, and is still producing OHC and OHF errors.
In their paper in the "Acknowledgements" section the authors thanked "Trevor McDougall" (TACCS 2001, p. 32 PDF).
Professor McDougall authored a paper a couple of years after that, pointing out that Conservative Temperature, not Potential Temperature, is the correct "temperature" variable, and that "Potential Enthalpy" is the correct ocean heat variable if you want to accurately track ocean heat content and flux (McDougall 2003).
The WOD in situ data I used (with the TEOS-10 toolbox that Dr. McDougall helped bring to fruition) to calculate Conservative Temperature, Potential Enthalpy, and the infrared photon count, all come together to show that OHF is taking place.
It is taking place to the point that OHC in the deepest depth level around Antarctica is being increasingly warmed by infrared photon radiation as warmer waters flow into the ACC (The Ghost Plumes - 8).
VI. Closing Comments
It is time to bring modern quantum physics into the search and research for OHC and OHF.
The quantum currents are where the action is.
The previous post in this series is here.