Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Quantum Oceanography - 2

Fig. 1
Quantum Mechanics is "a new science" now, even though it is about a hundred years old (Quantum Mechanics), and is in some aspects in its infancy in oceanography.
Fig.2
Fig.3
Fig.4
Fig.5

In the first post of this series and in The Ghost Photons, 2, 3 the fundamentals of ocean/Cryosphere interaction (quantum oceanography) were set forth.

Let me add a heretofore cryptic example to the mix.

It has to do with solar energy, salt, and water, in terms of the dynamics of energy.

A solar power plant in Spain uses salt to store solar energy:
"Near Granada, Spain, more than 28,000 metric tons of salt is now coursing through pipes at the Andasol 1 power plant. That salt will be used to solve a pressing if obvious problem for solar power: What do you do when the sun is not shining and at night?

The answer: store sunlight as heat energy for such a rainy day ... salts ... can be used to store a lot of the sun's energy as heat."
(Scientific American, How to Use Solar Energy at Night).

That is also what is done in the ocean in the sense that "ocean heat content " (in the form of infrared photons) is stored in a salt rich environment.

What percentage of ocean heat content is stored in the H2O molecules and what percentage is stored in the salt molecules of ocean salt may vary, but the point is that ocean water stores heat as quanta.

Then, according to the laws of thermodynamics, hot/warm flows to cold/cool (infrared photons are radiated from molecules with more photons than the molecules near them into those nearby molecules that have fewer photons, i.e. less "heat").

The photons in seawater which is warmer than tidewater glacier ice (i.e. the seawater molecules contain more infrared photons than the glacial ice does) will radiate into nearby glacial ice and eventually melt it.

Today's graphs (Fig. 1 - Fig. 4) are depictions of quantum proportionality using, as usual, World Ocean Database in situ measurements from the "four corners" of the world oceans, the TEOS-10 toolkit, and the Dredd Blog photon toolkit.

Those graphs have different colored lines for each of the five different Pelagic zone depths as follows:

Red = Epipelagic
Green = Mesopelagic
Brown = Bathypelagic
Blue = Abyssopelagic
Purple = Hadopelagic

If you will notice, the purple Hadopelagic line (the deepest ocean depth layer) in recent decades has more infrared photons and therefore more heat than the layer above it, the Abyssopelagic.

This tells us that the ocean heat content is radiating all the way to the bottom.

This also tells us why Antarctic Tidewater Glaciers have increased six-fold in melt rates (more on that in the next post of this series).

The graph at Fig. 5 is a similar but likely controversial subject that has been covered in a plethora of Dredd Blog posts (see e.g. On Thermal Expansion & Thermal Contraction - 41).

Anyway, more graphs are included in the Appendix of quantum proportion graphs to emphasize the proportionality of the TEOS-10 formulas that "computerize" the work of Josiah Gibbs.

The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.

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