|Fig. 1 From friends to enemies via antibiotics/etc.|
This series has an element of good news to it (On The Origin Of The Home Of COVID-19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12).
That good news element is that it will be easier to alleviate the Covid-19 pandemic than currently appreciated if the "mass-slaughter-of-animals business" becomes more aware of probiotics.
The prefix "bio" means life so anti-biotic means anti-life, and pro-biotic means for-life.
As has been pointed out in this series, the "mass-slaughter-of-animals business" is antibiotic because they use millions of tons of the stuff while "producing our food".
They indiscriminately kill the tiny "bio" microbes inside of cattle, swine, and poultry on a massive scale each and every day, which releases abiotic viruses to fend for themselves (Weekend Rebel Science Excursion - 27).
That is, it releases sophisticated molecular machines that have to fend for "themselves" (On the Origin of the Genes of Viruses, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13).
Further, at first it produces homeless viruses that were once commensal, mutualist, or symbiotic with their host microbe inside those animals.
Once robbed of their home and cast out of their microbiome they become pathogens, but all is not lost ("Their results also show that mutualism most often arises in species that were originally parasites and pathogens" - Communicating With The Underworld).
That is one reason that well informed agriculturists are turning to probiotics to replace antibiotics:
"For generations, farmers have used antibiotics to improve production of their chicken, pig, and cattle operations. With use of certain antibiotics on the chopping block because of concerns about the rise of resistant organisms, some are turning from anti to pro—probiotics, that is.(On The Origin Of The Home Of COVID-19). There aren't a lot of businesses that have such a easy option available to help them with major transitions.
Probiotics, live microorganisms that are a staple of the human wellness industry, have the potential to fulfill many of the roles that antibiotics play down on the farm. Research suggests probiotics can help chickens, pigs, and cows quickly put on weight, efficiently digest feed, and withstand the infectious organisms that tend to lurk wherever animals are kept in close quarters ... But farmers have several ways to raise healthy livestock without relying on antibiotics."
II. The Hypothesis Has Not Become A Consensus
As I have shown during this series by the hypothesis set forth in previous posts, a hypothesis that has been alluded to in principle by a handful of scientists.
But there is no consensus at this point.
That is to say that if the general historical error that viruses, like germs, "just appear out of nowhere" is the current "reality", then our peril is without as much hope as it would be if the Dredd Blog hypothesis is verified.
So, we must continue gathering evidence to either verify or to falsify the hypothesis.
III. Additional Evidence
In today's post I am offering some comparisons of viruses from countries around the globe that are the recipients of US exports of offal and meats generated in our "mass-slaughter-of-animals business" then shipped abroad (Trend Economy Data).
|Fig. 2 Nucleobase/nucleic acid sequence comparisons|
I have chosen four virus DNA/RNA mappings: one was taken from a USA "cruise ship", the other three were taken in three of the United States (Arizona, Washington, and Georgia).
There are two comparison exercises that are used.
The first is a comparison of segments of the DNA/RNA mapping.
Each segment is ten bases long (e.g. "ACGTACGTAC").
The segment process is that the first ten bases (1-10) of each of the four virus DNA/RNA mappings is compared to all of the export country's DNA/RNA mappings, then the second segment (11-20), and so forth until the end of each DNA/RNA mapping is reached.
The sequence process compares each single base (A,C,G or T) position with each of the export country's virus at the same position in its DNA/RNA mapping (Fig. 2 is an example comparison; and see On The Origin Of The Home Of COVID-19 - 11).
The resulting report shows the percentages of segment matches as well as sequence matches.
The sequence percentage indicates the degree of change the virus DNA/RNA in those countries has had in terms of DNA/RNA bases being move out of sequence (the lower the percentage, the higher the change and vice versa).
The segment percentage, on the other hand, indicates the general similarity of the two virus DNA/RNA mappings being compared.
The comparison data is located in six appendices, organized by countries:
Fig. 3 The Virus Code
Meaning of Virus Description Code (four 2-letter pairs):
Disease type(1st pair):
SARS DISEASE = "SA"
SARS CORONA DISEASE = "SC"
CORONA DISEASE = "CO"
OTHER DISEASE = "OD"
Carrier/Vector type(2nd pair):
ANIMAL = "AN"
HUMAN = "HS"
Genome completion indicators(3rd pain):
COMPLETE GENOME = "CG"
COMPLETE CDS = "CC"
PARTIAL COMPLETION = "CU"
Virus type (4th pair):
RNA = "RN"
DNA = "DN"
Fig. 4 Example Table
|GenBank Id||Virus Code||DNA Match% |
Fig. 3 above gives the meaning of each two-letter code section, while Fig. 4 above is an example table from one of the appendices.
The GenBank Id is the identity code for the virus DNA/RNA located in the GenBank repository.
The "DNA Match% Sequence" is the match percent of times that the base "ACGT" at a given position were the same in the two viruses being compared.
"DNA Match% Segments" is the match percent of times that the 10-base segment of the virus DNA/RNA matched in the other virus being compared.
Each country data beginning is in red letters to assist in discerning where one country's data begins and another ends.
Included in the information in red letters is the export amounts in terms of US Dollars and weight in kilograms (1 kg = 2.20462 lb).
V. Closing Comments
The similarities of viruses in states that are far apart with countries around the world that are also far apart, but which receive offal and meat via export, does lend some more credence to the Dredd Blog hypothesis.
IMO there is no way that human to human contact moved the SARS-CoV-2 virus around the globe so quickly beginning in January of this year.
The next post in this series is here, the previous post in this series is here.